A Surface-to-air missile equipped with a tracking based ECCM techniques

Yurttaş, Rağıp
Surface-to-air missiles having infrared detectors, aiming to destroy air platforms, determine the position of targets based on the infrared energy radiating from air platforms. It is possible to detect infrared signals radiating from an air platform by a missile seeker. This will enable the missile to estimate target position with respect to missile seeker. On the other hand, there are many advanced techniques developed to prevent missiles to damage targets. It is a real need for the missiles to overcome these ECM (Electronic-Counter-Measures) techniques which are carried out by air platform. In order to satisfy this basic need of missiles, certain techniques called ECCM (Electronic-Counter-Counter-Measures) techniques have been developed. In this study, surface-to-air missile equipped with imaging infrared seeker, which has dual band Focal-Plane-Array detector, has been designed to detect target position. Infrared detector detects and measures the position of target, if the intensity of the detected infrared signals is above threshold level. In this manner, background noise is eliminated. At the same time, ECCM techniques prevent seeker to be misled by MTV (Magnesium/Teflon/Viton) and spectral flares which are ECM ammunition dispensed by an air platform. In order to realize and test the models, simulator has been developed. Dynamic motion and 3D infrared signature models of F-16 air platform; detector, ECCM techniques, gimbal, guidance, kinematic motion models of missile; MTV and spectral flares motion and 3D infrared signature models with respect to time have been developed at simulator.