The three phases of Kurdish mobilisation in Iraq: politicization, institutionalization and constitutionalization 1946-2012

Sinantorunu, Betül
This thesis purposes to analyze the three-phased process of Kurdish mobilisation in Iraq since 1946: politicization, institutionalization, and constitutionalization. Transformation to constitutionalization is suggested to have strengthened the mobilisation by altering Kurdish groups’ relations with Baghdad and external powers from dependency to interdependency. Fragmentated or unified nature of Kurdish groups will be deemed as another significant determinant of vulnerability or strength. First chapter deals with the politicization process between 1946 and 1991 and the weakness of the mobilisation stemming from fragmentation among the Kurdish groups and their dependency on and vulnerability to the policies of the central Iraqi governments and the external powers. Covering the period between 1991 and 2003, second chapter evaluates the implications of institutionalization and the ensuing self-rule experience on the nature and strength of the mobilisation. It concludes by demonstrating the reversal of the Kurdish dependency and vulnerability to central government policies as a result of autonomy. Covering the period between 2003 and 2012, the last chapter deals with the phase of constitutionalization which witnessed the rise of the Iraqi Kurds as strong Iraqi and regional political actors shaping the policies of Baghdad and the external powers. It is argued that the ensuing interdependency between these actors and unification among the Kurdish groups would set a new set of strengths and constraints over the nature and strength of the Kurdish mobilization in Iraq.


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Citation Formats
B. Sinantorunu, “The three phases of Kurdish mobilisation in Iraq: politicization, institutionalization and constitutionalization 1946-2012,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2013.