Spatial entrapment, social mobility and education : the case of Ankara-Demetevler

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2013
Hatipoğlu, Hasan Belya
Today, increasing social and economic fragmentation of the society together with important transformations in spatial structures redefine the dynamics of social mobility and education as one of the key means of defining the position of people in social hierarchy. The main objective of this thesis is to evaluate the relationship between sociospatial mobility and education by concentrating on the case study conducted in Demetevler which is one of the low-income neigbourhoods of Ankara having various dynamics of change in terms of economic and social transformations. Throughout the study, the neighbourhood in question has been analysed with reference to the patterns of intergenerational and intragenerational mobility from the standpoint of social class, socioeconomic status and symbolic capital by focusing upon the educational opportunities. A special emphasis is placed on education as one of the mechanisms of transmission of economic privilege from one generation to the next generation. The study evaluates the degree of success of the students as not only a mechanism but also an indicator of the future position of the young generation of low income groups in the social hierarchy. The thesis argues that state policies in such areas, at least in the field of education, strengthen and reproduce rather than weaken the social and educational inequalities and spatial entrapment of people. The findings of the thesis show that in the lack of any effective and radical intervention by the state such low-income neigbourhoods will continue to be the areas of concentration of poverty and educational failures. It is inevitable that such failures will be more striking in the future compared to current circumstances.

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Citation Formats
H. B. Hatipoğlu, “ Spatial entrapment, social mobility and education : the case of Ankara-Demetevler,” Ph.D. - Doctoral Program, Middle East Technical University, 2013.