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Difficulties teachers experience in 4+4+4 new education system at first grade level

Boz, Tuğba
This study aimed at investigating the difficulties teachers experience at first grade level in 4+4+4 new school system that was initiated in 2012-2013 academic year and the factors which affected these difficulties along with teachers’ strategies of dealing with these problems. Through a self-administered questionnaire, data were collected from 301 first grade teachers working in public and private schools in certain districts of Ankara and Antalya, Turkey. Background characteristics of the participants, difficulties, problems or challenges they faced in the new school system in implementing adaptation and preparation activities, planning school year, implementing game and physical activities, teaching academic and basic skills and managing classroom were reported in frequencies, percentages, and means. In addition, a series of one- way ANOVA and independent samples t- tests were run to explore the effects of the background variables on the difficulties encountered by first grade teachers. The results revealed that teachers had most difficulties in teaching to 60- 65 month- old students while they experienced difficulties in teaching to 66- 71 month- old students to a middle extent, and besides in dealing with these, they used various strategies. These difficulties were found to differ in relation to type of school, class size and the number of 60- 65, 66- 71 and 72 (and more) month- old students in class.