Nietzsche’s overcoming of humanism : the deanthropomorphization of nature and the renaturalization of human being

Kuldaşlı, Reha
In this MA thesis, I will investigate Nietzsche's overcoming of humanism, i.e., his critique of anthropocentric and anthropomorphic interpretations of existence in the context of his grand project of the transvaluation of all values. I will problematize humanism with respect to the Nietzschean notions of will to power, nihilism, and evaluative thinking in an attempt to show its shortcomings from a Nietzschean perspective. Then, I will attempt to offer a reading of Nietzsche's reinterpretation of nature in terms of the will to power as a radical multiplicity that exceeds humanistic interpretations and investigate Nietzsche's conception of the human being with respect to his physiological and genealogical analyses that emphasize the human being as a multiplicity of unconscious drives. Finally, I will discuss to what extent Nietzsche's critique of humanism, which consists in the deanthropomorphization of nature and the renaturalization of human being, constitutes an overcoming of humanism.


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The aim of this study is to examine the relation between Nietzsche’s perspectivism and his doctrine of the will to power and to show that perspectivism is almost a direct and natural consequence of the doctrine of the will to power. Without exploring the doctrine, it is not possible to understand what Nietzsche’s perspectivism is and what he trying to do by proposing it as an alternative to traditional epistemology. To this aim, firstly, Nietzsche’s doctrine of the will to power is explained in detail. Next...
A study of the self in Nietzsche's fatalistic universe of eternal recurrence
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The doctrine of eternal recurrence is not only an aspect of Nietzsche’s philosophy, but a notion that structures the base of his philosophy. The doctrine is analyzed by many interpreters in various ways. The cosmological and the ethical-existential approaches to the doctrine are at the very base wrong. The doctrine’s impact cannot be adequately understood in these terms. Besides, the doctrine of eternal recurrence has multiple problems within it, problems which can be solved if the doctrine is understood an...
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Karademir, Aret (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2013-08-01)
In his very last, now famous, interview, Michel Foucault states that his philosophical thought was shaped by his reading of Heidegger, even though he does not specify what aspects of Heidegger's philosophy inspired him in the first place. However, his last interview is not the only place where Foucault refers to Heidegger as his intellectual guide. In his 1981/1982 lecture course, The Hermeneutics of the Subject, Foucault confesses that the way Heidegger conceptualized the relationship between subject and t...
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Citation Formats
R. Kuldaşlı, “Nietzsche’s overcoming of humanism : the deanthropomorphization of nature and the renaturalization of human being,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2014.