The Relatedness of attention deficit hyperactivity and conduct disorder symptoms to substance use and internet addiction: importance of negative life events

Download
2014
Meşeli Allard, Seda
The present study aimed to examine the differences in demographic variables (i.e., gender, age, class, parental education level, residence, income and parental smoking status) on childhood attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), adult ADHD, conduct disorder (CD), nicotine dependence, internet addiction, psychopathology and current negative life events. Second, the study aimed to investigate the differences in ever using alcohol, cigarette and marijuana across lifetime, and the frequency of alcohol, cigarette and marijuana use in the previous 6 months on childhood ADHD, adult ADHD, CD, nicotine dependence, internet addiction, psychopathology and negative life events. The third aim of the study was to examine the relationships between all measures of the study. The forth aim was to determine the associated factors of psychopathology, internet addiction and nicotine dependence. Data was collected from 530 Turkish college students whose ages differ from 18 to 47 years old. The results revealed that there was an important effect of ADHD symptoms on substance use (i.e., alcohol, cigarette and marijuana) as well as on internet addiction, and CD symptoms on cigarette use. Moreover, CD symptoms were positively associated with nicotine dependency and internet addiction, even when the effect of ADHD symptoms was controlled. Additionally, results stated that high levels of ADHD and CD symptoms as well as current negative life events were associated with high levels of current psychopathology. The results also indicated that current negative life events were positively correlated with internet addiction and nicotine dependence, even after the effects of CD and ADHD symptoms were controlled.

Suggestions

The impact of parental control and support on the development of chronic self-regulatory focus
Doğruyol, Burak; Sümer, Nebi; Department of Psychology (2008)
This study examined the interplay between parenting behaviors and self-regulatory focus in a sample of 320 university freshmen. Considering the theoretical assumptions and cultural differences, it is expected that specific parenting behaviors predict prevention and/or promotion self-regulatory focus. Especially, the dimensions of parental psychological control were expected to predict prevention focus. Participants completed multiple measures of parenting behaviors and self-regulatory focus. Self-regulatory...
Executive functions in children with attention deficit / hyperactivity disorder
Saydam Bahçivan, Reyhan; Ayvaşık, H. Belgin; Department of Psychology (2007)
Aim of the present study was to evaluate executive functions (EF) such as inhibition, planning, working memory, set-shifting in children with Attention Deficit / Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) via comparison of three ADHD subtype groups (ADHD-I, ADHD-C and ADHD-Comorbid) and a normal control group. Participants consist of 147 children. Total of 111 children were assigned into the ADHD groups of the study. Thirty seven children (5 girl and 32 boys) were assigned into the ADHD-Inattentive group, thirty seven c...
Effects of methylphenidate treatment on cognitive abilities, hyperactivity and anxiety level of children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
Orbay, Özge; Ayvaşık, H. Belgin; Department of Psychology (2005)
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common neuropsychiatric disorders in childhood among school-aged children. It is characterized by behavior disinhibition, overactivity and/or difficulty in sustaining attention. Psychotherapy and pharmacotherapy are reported ways of treating ADHD. Around 35% of individuals diagnosed with ADHD also met the criteria for anxiety disorders that commonly coexist with ADHD. If not treated up to 70% of children with ADHD continue to meet the diagno...
The impact of parental control and marital conflict on adolescents’ self-regulation and adjustment
Harma, Mehmet; Sümer, Nebi; Department of Psychology (2008)
The current study aims to increase understanding of influences on and consequences of self-regulation in adolescence. Previous work has shown that higher levels of self-regulation are associated with greater social competence and lower levels problem behaviors. Past studies have posited that parenting and interparental conflict are linked to self-regulation and adjustment in childhood and adolescence. However, the mechanism underlying the potential effects of specific parental behaviors and interparental co...
The effects of insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus on cognitive functioning, learning difficulties, and behavioral problems in children
Akay, Sinem; Bozo Özen, Özlem; Department of Psychology (2010)
The aim of the present study was to investigate the influence of insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) on the cognitive functioning, learning difficulties, and behavioral problems in children between the ages of 7 and 12. The sample was composed of elementary school children living in Ankara, Turkey. Data was collected by administering demographic information form, Children’s Depression Inventory (CDI), Strength and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ), Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children–Revised (WIS...
Citation Formats
S. Meşeli Allard, “The Relatedness of attention deficit hyperactivity and conduct disorder symptoms to substance use and internet addiction: importance of negative life events,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2014.