The Effect of maternal parentification history, maternal attachment styles, socioeconomic status and children’s self-construals on parentification roles and perceived parental caregiving

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2014
Karagöbek, Ayşe Büşra
This thesis study aimed to explore how well the maternal history of parentification, adult attachment styles, self-construal of children and SES of the family contribute to explain the variability on parentification behaviors of children. The sample comprised 92 mother-child dyads. Mothers’ mean age was 40.11 (SD = 5.56), and mean education level of 2.45 (SD = 1.25). Children’s mean age was 12.56 (SD = .63). Mothers were given the Filial Responsibility Scale- Adult Version (Jurkovic, Thirkield, and Morrell, 2001) and the Experiences in Close Relationships Inventory- II (Fraley, Waller, and Brennan, 2000). Children were given the Twenty Statement Scale (Kuhn and McPartland, 1954). Children were also asked three open-ended questions about regular family activities. Their narratives were coded according to specific coding schemes. Results of regression analyses showed that anxious mothers were perceived as providing more instrumental care. Besides, girls perceived their mothers as providing more emotional care. In terms of child’s emotional parentification, children of less anxious mothers expressed more emotional parentification behaviors towards their mothers. Moreover, more relational children explained more emotional parentification. In terms of child’s instrumental parentification behaviors, girls explained more instrumental parentification. In addition, children who were more independent, tend to show less instrumental parentification. Children of avoidant mothers tend to explain more autonomous behavior. Children who perceived themselves as more interdependent also perceived themselves as more autonomous. Besides, girls explained more collective activity of their families. The findings, possible limitations and contributions of this study were discussed in light of the related literature.

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Citation Formats
A. B. Karagöbek, “The Effect of maternal parentification history, maternal attachment styles, socioeconomic status and children’s self-construals on parentification roles and perceived parental caregiving,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2014.