Conservation principles for an early republican period primary school building: mimar kemal primary school /

Yıldız, Gözde
The aim of this thesis is to ensure the understanding of the importance of early Republican buildings and to define conservation principles for Mimar Kemal Primary School in Ankara, one of the important examples of early Republican primary schools. The main reasons for selecting Mimar Kemal Primary School are the importance of its values, location, its history, its architect, architectural characteristics and its ideological and symbolic role in early Republican period. The main reason behind this thesis is the current threat towards these buildings, due to the urban transformations, education campus projects, laws relating these buildings, the unawareness of the public, and the scarcity of studies for conservation of these buildings. The principles of how and why to conserve are searched through values and conservation approaches. Focusing on the aim, the thesis is structured in five parts; as the research on education and educational buildings; conservation of early Republican period architecture; analyzing the case study; making evaluations consisting of, analyzing based on today’s educational needs, review value types and make assessment process for the school, determining problems and potentials; and lastly, implementation of conservation principles for both the case study and in general to set an example for possible conservation studies on other early Republican school buildings. In conclusion, in the process of conservation of cultural heritage, the development of principles is an essential process. Therefore, in this thesis conservation principles are proposed for Mimar Kemal Primary School.


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Following the foundation of the Republic of Turkey in 1923, many modernization movements were started to reconstruct a modern new nation among which ‘education’ had an important role and position. As a reflection of the bottom-up development policy of the new Republic, a new education system of village institutes was established to support rural development via rural education. With the principle of revitalization of the villages, it was aimed to train teachers, agricultural experts, and health officers fro...
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According to the development policies of newly established Republic of Turkey, industrialization was seen as a priority target. Besides, according to the government industrialization was an item on the path to modernization, which Mustafa Kemal and his supporters were having strong desire to achieve. Here, architecture was a convenient discipline in order to embodiment modernization via industrial buildings. Factories together with their campuses were the stages in which modernization in social and technica...
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Understanding and assessing the republican heritage of Tire /
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Citation Formats
G. Yıldız, “Conservation principles for an early republican period primary school building: mimar kemal primary school /,” M.Arch. - Master of Architecture, Middle East Technical University, 2014.