The effects of parental acceptance – rejection/control on personality and psychopathology: mediator role of proneness to shame and guilt

Deniz, Pelin
Although shame and guilt are considered to be functional in interpersonal relationships, both emotions can be painful and debilitating. It was suggested that parental attitudes are likely to induce the feelings of shame and guilt. The aims of the present study were, thus, to investigate the mediator roles of proneness to shame and guilt on the relationship between parental acceptance and psychopathology and personality. The five hundred eighty nine students filled the package of questionnaire including a demographic information form, Parental Acceptance–Rejection/Control Questionnaire, Test of Self-Conscious Emotion–3 (Short Form), Basic Personality Traits Inventory, and Brief Symtom Inventory. According to the results of various mediation tests revealed that shame-proneness and guilt-proneness showed similar effects on the relationship with maternal and paternal rejection for extraversion and neuroticism. For conscientiousness and agreeableness, guilt-proneness was found as a more influential mediator on the relationship with maternal and paternal rejection. Furthermore, the relationtionship between paternal rejection and openness to experience and the relationtionship between maternal rejection and negative valence were mediated equally by proneness to shame and guilt feelings. Shame-proneness was found to be a stronger mediator between maternal rejection and openness to experiences while guilt-proneness mediated the relationship between paternal rejection and negative valence more strongly. Lastly, on the maternal rejection – psychopathology relationship, shame-proneness was stronger, while shame- and guilt-proneness did not differ on the paternal rejection – psychopathology relationship. These findings were discussed on the light of the related literature findgins. Lastly, limitations, clinical implications and future suggestions were noted.