The Effect of field trip oriented instruction on ninth grade students' achievement in animal diversity unit, continuing and academic motivation

Görmez, Ilgaz
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of field trip oriented instruction on 9th grade students' achievement related to animal diversity unit, and continuing and academic motivation. One control group with 34 students and one experimental group with 53 students, total 87 students from two different private high schools in Ankara were the sample of this study. A field trip to a zoo conducted with experimental group and traditional biology instruction were administrated to control group. The Animal Diversity Achievement Test (ADAT), self report questionnaire measuring continuing motivation to learn biology (CMTLBS), and vi self report survey about academic motivation (AMS) were administered before and after the field trip to students in both groups. During the field trip, dialogues among students were recorded in order to be analyzed as qualitative data. At the end of the field trip, semi-structured interviews with students from experimental group were conducted. The quantitative data were analyzed by using Univariate Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) and Multivariate Analysis of Variance (MANOVA). Dialog Inquiry Method were used to obtain relevant information from recorded dialogues during field trip. The results revealed that the field trip oriented instruction was superior to traditional approach on students' both continuing and academic motivation, as well as achievement on animal diversity unit on animal diversity unit. In addition, dialogues among students reveal that socio-cultural interaction was promoting learning during field trip. The interview results showed field trip oriented instruction motivated students positively to continue to learn biology in future.