A New ontological approach to urban form: towards a model of heterarchy /

Temizel, Ensar
This thesis focuses on the ontology of urban form in order to develop a strategy to explore the formal capacities of the elements of urban environments. Through an analysis of the structural logic behind the systems of hierarchy and heterarchy with regard to the set theory, it argues that the tree model is inadequate for this endeavor with its highly rigid, genealogical binary structure. Hence, it proposes that the set-dependent tree model based on principles of hierarchy should be abandoned in favor of a set-free rhizomatic model built upon principles of heterarchy. In that sense, it aims to explore the possibilities of transforming the urban environments confined within the limits of tree conception, into assemblages made up of multiplicity of elements in their heterogeneous form. Benefitting from the concepts of essence and emergence, it introduces a framework for an abstract spatial thinking in which the formal spatial interplay of constituent elements of the urban environments play the most significant role.


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The thesis makes an analysis of Constantinos Doxiadis’s “Entopia” (in-place), which was suggested as a building system to counter the dystopian conditions of the 1960s. Since Entopia was raised as a new concept for the “betterment” of human settlements, the thesis aims to examine its historical and spatial context by investigating its “uniqueness” among its contemporaries. The study will re-open a discussion of Ekistics (the Science of Human Settlements) that dates back to the 1940s that dealt with Entopia ...
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Citation Formats
E. Temizel, “A New ontological approach to urban form: towards a model of heterarchy /,” M.Arch. - Master of Architecture, Middle East Technical University, 2014.