The Possibility of grounding contemporary social contract theory by theory of games: the cases of Rawls, Gauthier and Buchanan /

Karavelioğlu, Velihan
This thesis analyzes the concepts of social cooperation of two traditions, the social contract theory and the theory of games. Three main characteristics of social cooperation understanding of the game theory will be offered, and it will be compared with the understanding of the social cooperation of the social contract theory. The Classical Social Contract Theory does not offer any calculation of the utility. On the other side, The Contemporary Social Contract Theory provides the measurement of utility. This study has divided contemporary social contract theory as a contracting process, and a social cooperation. The Contracting process is constituted by internal constrains and in this part, individuals are ready to abandon their share to gain more in the long term. Secondly, social cooperation understanding of the contemporary social contract theory does not offer a bargaining game in which one of the parties has potential to lose share on the outcome. The Contemporary Social Contract Theory suggests that every individual should increase their share compared to the absence of cooperation, and they offer the best payoffs that is higher than the defector’s share in the prisoner’s dilemma. It is contrary to the social cooperation understanding of the theory of games.


The tension between private property, freedom and order in social contract theories
Kanatlı, Mehmet; Okyayuz, Mehmet; Department of Political Science and Public Administration (2020)
The main aim of this thesis is basically to examine how and why the tension stemmed from economic inequalities and dependence arising from private ownership of the means of production are alleviated and legitimized by social contract theoreticians from the sixteenth and seventeenth century to the twentieth century. In this respect, the study chiefly concentrates on two important points. The first one is to evaluate the modern-term social contract theories developed by Hobbes, Locke, and Rousseau by linking ...
Akkökler Karatekeli, Büşra; Turan, Şeref Halil; Department of Philosophy (2022-9)
This thesis investigates the concept of akrasia, with particular attention given to its sundry interpretations in the philosophies of Plato, Aristotle, and the Stoics. In this inquiry, I argue that these philosophers agree on the lack of knowledge of the akratic person, while they differentiate from each other as to what this missing knowledge is. Irrespective of their rejection or acknowledgement of akrasia due to their conceptions of the soul, I argue that Plato, Aristotle and the Stoics share the common ...
A Search for the foundations of natural law
Tunçay, Serkan; Ergüden, Akın; Department of Philosophy (2002)
The present thesis analyzes the relationship between law and morality in a historical context and will attempt to present that there is a necessary connection between two spheres. Historical developments of the idea of natural law will be traced in the first three chapters of the thesis in order to present the necessary relationship between the sphere of legality and that of morality. In the fourth chapter the arguments of positivist theories against to natural law theory will be discussed. In the last chap...
The Role of Civil Society Organizations in The Formation of Urban Commons
Akdere, Utku; Yetişkul Şenbil, Emine; Department of Political Science and Public Administration (2021-8)
This thesis aims to examine the function of civil society organizations in the formation of urban commons. In the last half century under the domination of neoliberal ideology, cities have witnessed significant changes. While the modern city has transformed into areas where a series of struggles are given, urban areas are increasingly determined by the logic of the market mechanism. Under this determinism, the concept of commons, which are created through non-market social relations and the production forms...
The role of human nature in Hume's ethics
Arslanoğlu Çelik, Şengül; İnam, Ahmet; Department of Philosophy (2008)
This dissertation aims to determine the role of human nature in Hume's philosophy. It will examine how moral motivation arises when one takes human nature as the basis of moral philosophyWhat is maintained here is that Hume approaches his rival rationalist philosophers whom he criticised for drawing on metaphysics and rational methods in building the foundation of their ethics. Hume’s “science of man” attempts to isolate the basis of ethics from metaphysical and rational elements. However, this paper demons...
Citation Formats
V. Karavelioğlu, “The Possibility of grounding contemporary social contract theory by theory of games: the cases of Rawls, Gauthier and Buchanan /,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2014.