Akkökler Karatekeli, Büşra
This thesis investigates the concept of akrasia, with particular attention given to its sundry interpretations in the philosophies of Plato, Aristotle, and the Stoics. In this inquiry, I argue that these philosophers agree on the lack of knowledge of the akratic person, while they differentiate from each other as to what this missing knowledge is. Irrespective of their rejection or acknowledgement of akrasia due to their conceptions of the soul, I argue that Plato, Aristotle and the Stoics share the common view that the causes of akrasia are the wrong evaluation of phantasia and insufficient or wrong exercise of reason, which are strengthened by poor education and bad habituation. Hence, in this thesis, I aim at demonstrating that a full account of this concept can be given if both the intellectual reading of the concept of akrasia (which reads akratic action as an action caused by ignorance) and the non-intellectual reading of it (according to which akratic action is an outcome of a mismatch between the commands of reason and appetite) are considered together with the essential role education and habituation play in akratic action.


The visual formation of cartesian subject in modern metaphysics : a critique of Cogito philosophy
Ganioğlu, Zafer; Akçay, Ali Adnan; Department of Sociology (2006)
This thesis scrutinizes modern metaphysics through a specific reading and critique of Cartesian Philosophy. In the study, the concepts of metaphysics, ideology, modernity, subject and modern science are re-examined in their relations among them and in that the peculiarity of modern metaphysics is attempted to be revealed. At the core of the thesis, Descartes’ understanding of subject is inquired to be modern subject, and its role in the transformations happened in Western world with the advent of modern age...
The theory of passions in cartesian philosophy
Aksoy, Işıl; Turan, Şeref Halil; Department of Philosophy (2006)
The aim of this thesis is to investigate the passions in Cartesian philosophy. It analyses the nature, characteristics and the causes of passions as discussed by Descartes in his correspondence with Princess Elizabeth and his last book The Passions of the Soul (Les passions de l’âme). This thesis purports to explain Descartes’ ethical view by examining the physical mechanism of the passions and their relation to the soul. The reason, will and their essential roles in Cartesian ethics are discussed.
The Relation between metaphysics and art in Nietzsche’s philosophy
Karahan Balya, Gülizar; Parkan, Barış; Department of Philosophy (2015)
The purpose of this dissertation is to investigate the significance and relative positions of two central themes in Nietzsche’s philosophy, namely metaphysics and art. The perspective of life and the thought of will to power are located at the core of this investigation since they are considered to function as the organising ideas in Nietzsche’s overall philosophy. This perspective and thought require existence to be viewed as groundless and excessive and particularly as a constant flux of becoming that is ...
The concept of self in the context of the "despisers of the body" alluded in nietzsche's thus spoke zarathustra
Yazıcı, Irmak; İnam, Ahmet; Department of Philosophy (2008)
This thesis analyses the concept of self with respect to Nietzsche’s (1844- 1900) implications on the “despisers of the body” in Thus Spoke Zarathustra. Nietzsche’s exposition of the self as a varying multiplicity neither within nor out of the body is the basic assumption of this dissertation. In this sense, the place of Nietzschean self considering the evolution of the concept of self through history will be analyzed. The concept of ego (subject) will be discussed as Nietzsche’s critique of the so-called m...
The problem of self-knowledge in Kant's critique of pure reason
Haşar, Ekim; Çırakman, Elif; Department of Philosophy (2010)
The self-knowledge has been a central problem throughout the history of philosophy, but it has remained, as Kant also declares, as the ―most difficult‖ of all tasks of reason. In this study, I scrutinize the grounds of this difficulty and search for the answers to the question ―what can we comprehend about the notion of self from a Kantian standpoint?‖ In this respect, this study is a reading of Kant‘s Critique of Pure Reason with the focus of the problem of self-knowledge. We can see that this concept has ...
Citation Formats
B. Akkökler Karatekeli, “THE CONCEPT OF AKRASIA IN ANCIENT GREEK PHILOSOPHY: PLATO, ARISTOTLE, AND THE STOICS,” Ph.D. - Doctoral Program, Middle East Technical University, 2022.