Modeling the relationships among coping strategies, emotion regulation, rumination, and perceived social support in victims’ of cyber and traditional bullying

Topçu, Çiğdem
The aim of the present study is to test a model investigating the relationships among coping style, emotion regulation, rumination, perceived social support in victims of traditional and cyber bullying. The sample of the present study consists of 853 adolescents aged between 14 and18, attending public high schools in Ankara. The Revised Cyber Bullying Inventory-II, The Revised Olweus Bully/Victim Questionnaire, Brief COPE, Emotion Regulation Questionnaire, Ruminative Response Scale, Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support, and Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire were utilized to collect data. After identifying the participants who reported that they were victimized, the proposed model was tested with traditional victims (n = 482) and cyber victims (n= 511) because cyber and traditional bullying are reported to be strongly related. The SEM results revealed that victimization was positively related to internalizing behavior through maladaptive coping. Also, receiving less support from family and difficulty in reappraisal were found positively associated to internalizing behavior. For traditional victims, rumination was found to be positively related to internalizing behavior, but for cyber victims this path was not significant. The results indicated several other indirect relationships among the related variables of victims’ internalizing behavior. Consequently, despite the minor differences between the model with traditional victims and the model with cyber victims, two models converged similarly. For both models rather than the direct association from victimization to internalizing behavior, coping style, rumination, reappraisal, and family support was found to be mediating the relationship. Findings were discussed in the light of the related literature.