Examining the predictive roles of cyber victimization, gender, revenge, and empathy on cyber bullying perpetration

Çokluk, Gizem
This study investigates whether gender, cyberbullying victimization, revenge, emotional empathy and cognitive empathy are possible predictors of cyberbullying perpetration. Sample was selected among university students and 852 (460 female, 392 male) participants responded to the study survey. In this study, the survey included a Demographic Information Form, Basic Empathy Scale (BES), The Vengeance Scale (VS), and The Revised Cyber Bullying Inventory for University Students. Research design of this study was quantitative correlational design and hierarchical multiple regression was utilized to examine the research question. According to results, males were cyber bullying perpetrator more than females. Also, the results showed that while cyber victimization, revenge and gender were positively correlated, emotional and cognitive empathy were negatively related to cyber bullying perpetration. Furthermore, interaction terms which are gender and cyber victimization, gender and revenge, gender and cognitive empathy were positively predicted, gender and emotional empathy interaction negatively predicted the cyber bullying perpetration. Also, cyber victimization and emotional empathy, cyber victimization and cognitive empathy interactions were negatively predicted the cyber bullying perpetration. However, cyber victimization and revenge interaction was positively predicted the cyber bullying. Moreover, results showed that being male, having revenge feelings, low level empathy and experiences of cyber victimization predicted cyber bullying perpetration.


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The aim of the present study is to test a model investigating the relationships among coping style, emotion regulation, rumination, perceived social support in victims of traditional and cyber bullying. The sample of the present study consists of 853 adolescents aged between 14 and18, attending public high schools in Ankara. The Revised Cyber Bullying Inventory-II, The Revised Olweus Bully/Victim Questionnaire, Brief COPE, Emotion Regulation Questionnaire, Ruminative Response Scale, Multidimensional Scale o...
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Kandemir Özdinç, Nasibe; Erdur Baker, Özgür; Department of Educational Sciences (2019)
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This study investigated the associations of gender, age, trait anger, moral disengagement, witnessing of interparental conflict, school connectedness and the religious makeup of the school setting in the involvement in traditional bullying and cyberbullying perpetration. Five hundred Australian students completed an anonymous self-report, paper-based questionnaire. According to the results, 25.2% of the participants reported having engaged in traditional or cyberbullying perpetration. While trait anger and ...
Citation Formats
G. Çokluk, “Examining the predictive roles of cyber victimization, gender, revenge, and empathy on cyber bullying perpetration,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2019.