Assessment of tsunami resilience of ports by high resolution numerical modeling: a case study for Haydarpasa port in the sea of Marmara

Aytöre, Betül
Assessment of tsunami resilience is used to determine proper mitigation strategies. Thus, it is essential to obtain modeling results in highest confidence and accuracy. Haydarpasa Port in the Sea of Marmara is selected for tsunami assessment study due to vulnerable nature of ports against marine related disasters. The region also tends to have tsunamis since it is located on the western part of the North Anatolian Fault zone where 35 tsunamis occurred in last 2000 years. The aim of this study is assessment of tsunami resilience of Haydarpasa Port with high resolution models according to most effective submarine earthquake as well as to discuss possible effects of increasing data (actual) and model (numerical) resolution to high level and including existing structures specifically as elevation data. Various numerical computations are performed with tsunami simulation and visualization code NAMI DANCE for this purpose. The breakwaters are very important for the resilience of Haydarpasa Port. Main requirement to enhance its resilience is to strengthen the breakwaters. Thus, less amplification inside the port and less inundation of port environs can be obtained and port operations can be continued. Otherwise, such a tsunami will negatively affect this urbanized area by considering economic and social aspects. The highest model and data resolution lead to most accurate results in tsunami modeling studies. However, resolution of available data is more effective on calculated results in comparison with model resolution. Thus, it is possible to determine a proper model resolution according to needs providing that data resolution is sufficient.


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Citation Formats
B. Aytöre, “Assessment of tsunami resilience of ports by high resolution numerical modeling: a case study for Haydarpasa port in the sea of Marmara,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2015.