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The Predictive roles of perceived social support, early maladaptive schemas, parenting styles, and schema coping processes in well-being and burnout levels of primary caregivers of dementia patients

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2015
Ayrancı, Elçin
The main purpose of the current study was to investigate the predictive roles of perceived social support, early maladaptive schemas, parenting styles, and schema coping processes in well-being and burnout levels of primary caregivers of dementia patients.Ninety-nine adult children as the primary caregivers of dementia patients completed the measures of Young Schema Questionnaires (YSQ), Young Parenting Inventory (YPI), Young Compensation Inventory (YCI), Young Rygh Avoidance Inventory (YRAI), Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI), Caregiver Well-Being Scale, Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), and Perceived Social Support (PSS). Results indicated the mediator role of early maladaptive schemas between parenting styles and caregiver well-being-basic needs, depression, and burnout relations. However, the results did not support the mediator role of early maladaptive schemas on the association of parenting styles with caregiver well-being activity of living relation. In addition, the moderator role of perceived social support and perceived social support from significant others were found in the relation between early maladaptive schemas and caregiver well-being basic needs. Schema coping processes, namely, schema coping processes of avoidance and compensation, did not moderate any of the relations tested. Findings highlighted the buffering role of perceived social support especially from significant others in the caregiving processes. Strengths, limitations, and the findings of the current study were discussed in the light of the related literature; and suggestions for future studies, as well as the clinical implications of the findings, were presented.