From modern to postmodern medicine: the case of organ transplants

Bozok, Nihan
This thesis investigates the constituent tendencies of postmodern medicine, concentrating upon the organ transplantation therapy. Adopting a genealogical perspective, as a methodological tool, for reading the current history of medicine, it develops its theoretical framework through Michel Foucault’s discussions on biopolitics and Nikolas Rose’s discussions on molecular biopolitics. This study is based on the assumption that medical knowledges of body, vitality and death are historically fluid and context bounded. Therefore, the medical configuration of recent times operate under the conditions of postmodernity. This thesis explores the medicine peculiar to postmodern times, and presents the unique characteristics of current medicine through by focusing on organ transplantation as a postmodern medical case. As a result, it is argued in this thesis that, there are four prominent ruptures in the field of medicine in the postmodern times. Firstly, postmodern medicine does not imagine the body as something biologically given, contrarily it sees the body as something remouldable. Secondly, postmodern medicine transforms death into an event that is able to be experienced by individuals piece by piece. Thirdly, through operating in the conditions of current global capitalism, postmodern medicine transforms vitality parts into commodities. Fourthly, postmodern medicine gives new lives to the organs circulating without bodies.


Art and difference in deleuze: how do you glitch yourself?
Yalçın, Melike Başak; Shores, Corry Michael; Department of Philosophy (2021-1-25)
The main concern of this thesis is to investigate the critique of representational thinking in Deleuze and to comprehend the notion of Body without Organs (BwO) in relation to aesthetic experience as an alternative to such thought. In order to do that this thesis problematises thought which ontologically priorities the principle of identity. Following that, it looks at subjecthoods and bodies constructed upon the same notion, and researches Deleuze’s criticisms of them. Finally, it researches the effects of...
The Concept of disinterestedness in modern philosophy of art: Kant, Schopenhauer, Nietzsche, and Heidegger
Akkökler Karatekeli, Büşra; Turan, Şeref Halil; Department of Philosophy (2016)
This thesis aims to investigate the concept of disinterestedness in the modern philosophy of art. To this end, I firstly attempt to elucidate how this concept is described and gained its specific meaning in Kant. Then, I focus on Schopenhauer’s salient contribution to the discussion of aesthetic disinterestedness – thought along with his metaphysics –, namely the body, and attempt to bring into view the relation between the body and aesthetic disinterestedness. In the following, I investigate how Nietzsche’...
Why Would Opt-Out System for Organ Procurement Be Fairer?
CİVANER, MUSTAFA MURAT; Alpinar, Zumrut; Ors, Yaman (2010-01-01)
The possibility of organ transplantation has created new problems for medical ethics as well as clinical medicine. One of them, organ procurement, is tried to be solved mainly by two systems. Many countries have adopted the 'opt-in system', which aims to raise awareness and make the individuals donate their organs by their own will. The other system, 'optout' or 'presumed consent', which considers all members of society as potential donors, was adopted by some countries. In this system, individuals should s...
The Effectiveness of Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy Scale: A Psychometric Study
Özkul, Kemal; Özcan, Ece; Can, Demet; Uçar, Selin; Gençöz, Tülin (ODTÜ- AYNA Klinik Psikoloji Destek Ünitesi, 2022-6)
The purpose of the present study was to develop a psychometrically robust measure to evaluate the effectiveness of psychoanalytic psychotherapy and psychoanalysis, entitled as the "Effectiveness of Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy Scale [EPPS]". This scale was designed to assess the changes experienced by patients/analysands who undergo psychoanalytic psychotherapy or psychoanalysis. A sample of 216 individuals above the age of 18 who had been continuing their own psychoanalytic psychotherapy or psychoanalysis ...
From postmodernism to metamodernism: changing perspectives towards irony and metanarratives in Julian Barnes’s a history of the world in 10 and ½ chapters and the noise of time
Ateş, Meltem; Öztabak Avcı, Elif; Department of English Literature (2019)
The aim of this thesis is to point out and explore the changing perspectives towards irony and metanarratives in Julian Barnes’s fiction by focusing specifically on A History of the World in 10 and ½ Chapters (1989) and The Noise of Time (2016). This discussion will be located into the larger framework of Postmodernism and Metamodernism. These two aesthetic movements will be discussed in terms of their different approaches to irony and metanarratives in order to contextualize the changes in the ways in whic...
Citation Formats
N. Bozok, “From modern to postmodern medicine: the case of organ transplants,” Ph.D. - Doctoral Program, Middle East Technical University, 2015.