Turkish - Egyptian relations (1922-1956) and the impact of the free officers revolution

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2015
Öterbülbül, Selim
This thesis analyses the period of Turkish-Egyptian relations from 1922 until the June of 1956. Bilateral issues are presented in the form of a chronological narrative by containing the main theme of this study. Besides, this thesis also searches the impact of the Free Officers Revolution in Egypt on the bilateral relations by taking into consideration Turkey’s reactions and its impact on Egypt’s foreign policy during the formative period of Nasser’s leadership. Turkey and Egypt, which had some minor bilateral issues and a dispute over the Caliphate issue during the interwar period, have come face to face due to their gradually improved activism in the Middle East affairs after the Second World War. The course of problematic bilateral relations emerged once again within the struggle for regional leadership in the 1950s. This study points out that Turkey and Egypt had an exceptional period and a short-lived rapprochement following the Free Officers Revolution, although they had a problematic relation during the interwar period and a rivalry in 1950s. This thesis aims to look into the problematic background, the Tugay Affair and the Turkish-Egyptian quarrel over the Baghdad Pact and the Bandung Conference to understand the bilateral policies during the consolidation period of the new regime.