Turkish press and the early cold war (1945-1950)

Gökatalay, Semih
This thesis investigated how Turkish press’ perceptions of the early Cold War were shaped from 1945 to 1950 by utilizing newspaper articles from the relevant period. The period at hand experienced Soviet demands from Turkey, Turkey’s drive to the West, and domestic political (i.e., transition to the multi-party system) and economic (i.e., transition to the liberal economy) changes. In this atmosphere, the Turkish press, which had organic links with politicians, had a vital role in shaping the domestic public opinion according to the early Cold War dynamics. In other words, the press was instrumental both to make the Turkish public to believe that a change in Turkish foreign policy direction was absolutely necessary and to spread out messages to the world with regard to Turkey’s understanding of struggles among foreign powers, which could not be uttered by Turkish political figures through the official channels. Early Cold War perceptions and presentations of the Turkish press, including governmental and oppositional newspapers did not follow a linear trend, in fact they had many inconsistencies; besides, the press did not perceive international developments in a uniform manner. Nonetheless, as this thesis argued, the abovementioned perceptions did not appear to be divergent from each other.


Turkish press and the Turkish-Greek relations (1946-1955)
Emen Gökatalay, Gözde; Boyar, Ebru; Department of International Relations (2017)
This thesis examined the role of the Turkish press in the course of the Turkish-Greek relations from 1946 to 1955. These two neighbors initially achieved an exceptional and unprecedented partnership to counter a perceived threat from the Soviet Union and its satellite states in a hostile atmosphere of the emerging Cold War. Over the course of the period, however, the golden age of the Turkish-Greek relations was waned, and these two partners gradually turned against each other. Using the most circulated and...
Close encounters between Turkey and the US: American indirect influences on Turkey’s political and socio-cultural life during the 1950s
Yorgun, İbrahim; Akgün, Saadet Seçil; Department of History (2017)
This thesis analyzes indirect American influences on Turkey’s political and socio-cultural Iife during a period when major political changes as well as cultural wars were ignited by the two major world powers: the US and the USSR. This was also the time when the world order was shaped by the Cold War in which Turkey played a major role. The study, without mentioning too much political details related to the major events, also attempts to analyze in a historical context how Turkey was drifted away from her n...
Turkish-American relations from 1964 to 1980: the period of crisis
Kalender, Yasemin Ece; Bağcı, Hüseyin; Department of International Relations (2019)
Turkey and the USA, allies under the umbrella of NATO since 1952, witnessed certain disagreements from 1964 to 1980, unlike the period from 1947 to 1964 which was the “golden age” or full convergence of Turkish-American relations. Amicable relations between the two states had a certain breakdown when the Johnson Letter received by the Turkish Prime Minister İsmet İnönü in 1964. The historic letter led a period of crisis until 1980 when the military coup d’etat took place in Turkey. The period was the almost...
The Relations of İstanbul and Ankara within the press of Turkish national struggle (1918-1922)
Demirel, Ali; Turan, Ömer; Department of History (2018)
The basic goal of this thesis is to analyze the relations of the Turkish Nationalists with the İstanbul Governments, the Allied powers and also Soviet Russia during the Turkish National Struggle with a special focus on the religious-judicial and military-political legitimacy of the National movement as reflected in the newspapers published in İstanbul and Anatolia. Except for three anti-nationalist newspapers, Türkçe İstanbul, Alemdar and Peyam-ı Sabah, the most influential nationalist newspapers, İkdam, İf...
Turkish - Egyptian relations (1922-1956) and the impact of the free officers revolution
Öterbülbül, Selim; Tür Küçükkaya, Özlem; Department of Middle East Studies (2015)
This thesis analyses the period of Turkish-Egyptian relations from 1922 until the June of 1956. Bilateral issues are presented in the form of a chronological narrative by containing the main theme of this study. Besides, this thesis also searches the impact of the Free Officers Revolution in Egypt on the bilateral relations by taking into consideration Turkey’s reactions and its impact on Egypt’s foreign policy during the formative period of Nasser’s leadership. Turkey and Egypt, which had some minor bilate...
Citation Formats
S. Gökatalay, “Turkish press and the early cold war (1945-1950),” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2016.