The Direct and indirect effects of perfectionism and body related perceptions on dispositional flow in exercise setting

Erkmen, Gaye
The purpose of the present study was to test a model explaining exercise participants’ dispositional flow with perfectionism (self-oriented and socially-prescribed perfectionism) and body related perceptions (perceived body fat, perceived appearance and social appearance anxiety) in the exercise setting. The sample of the study consisted of 446 exercise participants (216 female, Mage = 26.85, SD = 6.60; 230 male, Mage = 24.40, SD = 5.93) exercising regulary more than six months. Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale, Physical Self-Description Questionnaire, Social Appearance Anxiety Scale, and Dispositional Flow Scale were used for the data collection. Path analysis was run in order to examine the patterns of relationships among variables. The findings of the study revealed that perceived body fat was a significant predictor of perceived appearance and social appearance anxiety. The perceived body fat, perceived appearance, social appearance anxiety and dispositional flow were predicted by self-oriented perfectionism. In addition, socially-prescribed perfectionism significantly predicted perceived appearance and social appearance anxiety. However, findings revealed that socially-prescribed perfectionism did not predict perceived body fat and dispositional flow. Finally, the findings demonstrated that the dispositional flow was predicted by self-oriented perfectionism, perceived appearance, and social appearance anxiety, and these variables explained 21 % of the total variance in dispositional flow.