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Developing and verifying a set of principles for the cyber security of the critical infrastructures of Turkey

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2015
Karabacak, Bilge
Critical infrastructures are vital assets for countries as a harm given to critical infrastructures may affect public order, economic welfare and/or national security. Today, cyber systems are extensively used to control and monitor critical infrastructures. Therefore, cyber threats have the potential to adversely affect the order of societies and countries. In this PhD study, the root causes of the susceptibility of the critical infrastructures of Turkey to the cyber threats are identified by analyzing the qualitative data with the grounded theory method. The extracted root causes are verified by two experts. The set of principles for the cyber security of the critical infrastructures are determined by introducing the root causes to six experts in a five-phased Delphi survey. A state-level cyber security maturity model to measure the readiness level of the critical infrastructure protection efforts is developed by using the set of principles. Because maturity criteria are grounded on the root causes of the susceptibility to cyber threats, the maturity model is named Vulnerability Driven National Cyber Security Maturity Model. The readiness level of the critical infrastructure protection efforts of Turkey is measured by the participation of ten former/current government officials in the maturity survey. The root causes, the set of principles, and the results of the maturity survey are compared with the relevant studies of the academia, non-profit organizations and governments.