Examining the effectiveness of educational tablet pc applications to teach daily living skills to students with intellectual disabilities

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2015
Yeni, Sabiha
Mobile technology enhanced learning environments can support the education of individuals with intellectual disabilities (ID). Literature reveals that information and communication technology (ICT) based education obtained successful results in the development of academic, social and adaptation skills for individuals with ID. The main purpose of this study is to investigate the effectiveness of educational tablet applications to teach a daily living skill to individuals with ID. In addition, it is examined whether a newly learned skill can be protected at one, three and four weeks after training and whether it can be generalized to different tools. Usability of tablet applications is examined in terms of effectiveness, efficiency and satisfaction (social validity). Multiple-baseline across subjects design is used as single case research in the study. Seven individuals with ID and five special education teachers form the group of participants of the study. To be eligible for participation, individuals are expected to meet some requirements such as ability to follow simple verbal instructions. In the implementation process of the study, baseline, probe, intervention, generalization and follow-up sessions are employed. Also, five kinds of data are collected: effectiveness, reliability, social validity, maintenance and generalization, and usability. In conclusion, results show that tablet application is an effective tool to teach a daily living skill to individuals with ID. In addition, the newly learned skill is protected at one, three and four weeks after the training and individuals can generalize the skill to different tools. Tablet application is updated according to pilot study results. As a result, an improvement in the application is detected in terms of efficiency and satisfaction components of usability when data from pilot study and main study are compared.

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Citation Formats
S. Yeni, “Examining the effectiveness of educational tablet pc applications to teach daily living skills to students with intellectual disabilities,” Ph.D. - Doctoral Program, Middle East Technical University, 2015.