The Roles of childhood trauma, personality characteristics, and interpersonal problems on psychological well-being

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2015
Çabuk, Onur Can
The current study aimed to examine (1) age and gender differences on the childhood trauma, personality traits, interpersonal problems, psychological symptoms, affect, and life satisfaction; (2) the interrelationships between the measures of the study; and (3) to examine the factors associated with the personality traits, the interpersonal problems, and the measures of psychological well-being. For these purposes, data was collected from 413 people between the ages 18-61. Results indicated that personality traits were closely associated with childhood traumatic experiences. Moreover, Emotional Abuse domain of childhood traumas and most personality traits (i.e., Extraversion, Neuroticism, Openness, and Negative Valence) were associated with Interpersonal Problems. In addition, Emotional Neglect and Emotional Abuse domains of childhood trauma were found to be associated with psychological symptoms and negative valence, and Emotional Neglect was found to be negatively associated with positive affect and life satisfaction. There were also significant associations between personality traits and the measures of psychological well-being: Extraversion and Conscientiousness were negatively; Neuroticism and Negative Valence were positively associated with symptoms and negative affect. Conscientiousness and Openness were positively associated with positive affect. Furthermore, Conscientiousness was positively, and Neuroticism was negatively associated with life satisfaction. Finally, interpersonal problems were found to be positively associated with psychological symptoms and negative affect. The results revealed that personality and interpersonal relationships had an important role on the relationship between childhood traumas and psychological well-being. Moreover, this study supported the robust effect of personality traits on psychological and interpersonal problems.

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Citation Formats
O. C. Çabuk, “The Roles of childhood trauma, personality characteristics, and interpersonal problems on psychological well-being,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2015.