Effects of motherhood conceptualızatıon and gender role of mothers on gender stereotype knowledge ın theır preschool chıldren

Türe, Didem
In the current study, we aimed to investigate mothers’ and their 4-5 year old children’s attitudes toward gender roles in a semi-structured gender-tuned mother-child conversation. Participants were 65 Turkish mother-child pairs (Nchildren = 65; Nmothers = 65) and the age range was 45 to 69 months for children, and mothers’ age range was 25 to 44. Mothers filled out the Bem Sex Role Inventory and Mothering Role Praise scale. Mothering Role Praise Scale developed in scope of the current study to reveal how mothers conceptualize their mothering experience and integrate their maternal identity. Femininity and masculinity levels of mothers and how they conceptualize their mothering experiences were examined in order to explore the stereotypical gender knowledge and conventionality in their sentences during a semi-structured gender-tuned conversation with their children. Our findings showed that there were converging patterns of maternal and children’s outcomes. Both mothers, who showed high mothering role praise about their motherhood, and their children, used more conventional statements during conversation about child’s gender. In addition, young mothers and these mothers’ children used more unconventional statements. Finally, younger mothers used more question repetitions, more negative evaluations; and mothers who scored lower on mothering role praise and were younger, and whose children were younger, used more neutral questions. The findings of the study and interpretations of results, and suggestions for further studies are presented.  


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Citation Formats
D. Türe, “Effects of motherhood conceptualızatıon and gender role of mothers on gender stereotype knowledge ın theır preschool chıldren,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2015.