Impact of carbon leakage on Turkish cement export: a gravity model approach

Download
2015
Doğan, Damla
Global climate agreements which have been agreed on to take measure against climate change problem evaluate and classify parties with differentiated responsibilities. This differentiation causes asymmetric climate policies among countries. The major source of discussion is the burden of climate policies in terms of production cost increase. This burden produces the risk of distortion in competitiveness and leads countries to provide emission intensive products from outside. This risk is called carbon leakage in the literature and it can be observed within trade flows. In this respect, cement industry draws attention because of high level of consumption and excessive export volume in Turkey. This thesis investigates the existence of the carbon leakage in the cement export flows of Turkey. Gravity model which is frequently preferred in the international trade literature is conducted to analyze this effect. Model estimates cement exports within the panel data framework and it covers 118 countries for the period of 2001-2012. Estimation results indicate that countries which have emission targets, have a positive effect on the export flow of Turkish cement industry. This finding confirms the existence of carbon leakage in the industry

Suggestions

Estimation of carbon footprint: a case study for Middle East Technical University
Turanlı, Ayşe Merve; Mehmetoğlu, Mustafa Tanju; Okandan, Ender; Department of Petroleum and Natural Gas Engineering (2015)
As the amount of the greenhouse gas emission increases, its effect on climate change becomes accordingly important. This fact is proved by the measurements conducted by NASA in terms of mole fraction of CO2. After 1950’s due to rapid rise in industrial activity of post-industrial revolution period, CO2 amount in the air increased constantly. Atmospheric concentration of CO2 increases at an accelerating rate . In year 2014, the CO2 emission value had reached 398.78 ppm. This increase led the investigators to...
Geochemical characterization of geothermal systems in Turkey as natural analogues for geological storage of Co2/
Elidemir, Sanem; Güleç, Nilgün Türkan; Department of Geological Engineering (2014)
To mitigate the unfavourable effect of CO2 emission on global warming and climate change, geological storage of CO2 is currently regarded to be one of the major strategies. Deep saline formations constitute one of the alternative reservoirs for hosting the injected CO2 and the information about the behaviour of these reservoirs is provided via the studies of natural analogues. This thesis is concerned with the geothermal systems of Turkey as natural analogues for CO2 storage sites and the evaluation of thei...
Future climate change impact assessment of watershed scale hydrologic processes in Peninsular Malaysia by a regional climate model coupled with a physically-based hydrology modelo
Amin, M. Z. M.; Shaaban, A. J.; Ercan, Ali; Ishida, K.; Kavvas, M. L.; Chen, Z. Q.; Jang, S. (2017-01-01)
Impacts of climate change on the hydrologic processes under future climate change conditions were assessed over Muda and Dungunwatersheds of PeninsularMalaysia bymeans of a coupled regional climate and physically- based hydrology model utilizing an ensemble of future climate change projections. An ensemble of 15 different future climate realizations from coarse resolution global climate models' (GCMs) projections for the 21st century was dynamically downscaled to 6 km resolution over Peninsular Malaysia by ...
Is there a causal effect between agricultural production and carbon dioxide emissions in Ghana?
Owusu, Phebe Asantewaa; Asumadu-Sarkodie, Samuel (2017-03-01)
According to FAO, "agricultural sectors are particularly exposed to the effects of climate change and increases climate variability". As a result, the study makes an attempt to answer the question: Is there a causal effect between agricultural production and carbon dioxide emissions in Ghana? By employing a time series data spanning from 1960 to 2015 using the Autoregressive Distributed Lag method. There was evidence of a long-run equilibrium relationship running from copra production, corn production, gree...
Modelling of carbon sink capacity of the Black Sea
Cengiz, Yelis; Yılmaz, Ayşen; Yücel, İsmail; Department of Earth System Science (2016)
The concentration of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere is constantly increasing due to human activities and results in global warming. Since Industrial Revolution 30 and 25 percentages of the anthropogenic atmospheric carbon dioxide are taken up by the forests and by the oceans respectively. Carbon dioxide is rising faster than biosphere can tolerate and the rest of the carbon dioxide which can not be hold, continues to accumulate and causes further heating of the atmosphere. The carbon sink capacity of the ...
Citation Formats
D. Doğan, “Impact of carbon leakage on Turkish cement export: a gravity model approach,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2015.