Predicting problem and prosocial behaviours in different care types: moderating role of temperament

Memişoğlu, Aybegüm
This study was an attempt to investigate the problem behavior outcomes of children who are currently under the care of social services and raised in different care types. The problem behavior among children was investigated under three factors, namely, social competence, externalization and internalization problems. The temperamental characteristics of children that are anger frustration, inhibitory control, perceptual sensitivity, and soothability were also examined. A total of 185 children between the ages of 36 to 60 months old were selected from institutions, care villages, group homes, foster care and low SES biological family groups. Children who were under protection in one of the above mentioned care types were selected from different cities in Turkey, namely, Adana, Afyon, Ankara, Denizli, İstanbul, İzmir, Kocaeli, Konya, and Karaman. Turkish versions of Children’s behavior questionnaire (CBQ), Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ), Social Competence and Behavior Evaluation Form (SCBE) were administered to the caregivers, foster mothers or the biological mothers of the children in order to assess the temperament and problem behavior outcomes. In order to test the hypothesis that children who are reared in home-based care and having low reactivity would show less behavioral problems than other group of children, Multiple hierarchical regression analysis was conducted controlling for the age, sex, total duration of time in care, age of placement, length of v stay in the current institution, and reason for protection. The results suggested that children in foster care had less internalization problems than children reared in group home, and more social competence than care village group of children. Furthermore, temperamental characteristics significantly moderated the child outcomes for internalization, externalization and social competence