The Effects of care types and temperament on self concept and self regulation skills of children under the care of social services

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2014
Ertekin, Zeynep
The aim of the present study was to compare the self-development and self regulation of toddlers under the protection of government based on where they reside e.g. foster care, care villages, child homes and institutions. Temperament was taken as a moderator. Participants were 24-35 months old children who were residing in different care types in Ankara, Denizli and İstanbul and children who were staying with their families in low socioeconomic high-risk environments in Ankara. İn order to measure self-concept development, The Self-Concept Questionnaire (SCQ) was used and three self-recognition tasks (mirror task, mat pick-up task, and photo task) were administered to children. Four temperamental characteristics (frustration, inhibitory control, perceptual sensitivity and soothability) were taken from Early Childhood Behavior Questionnaire (ECBQ). Moreover, self-regulation of children was also measured by one of the sub-scales of (SCQ), and gift delay task. Hierarchical regression analyses were run for each developmental outcome in order to see the moderator effects of frustration and perceptual sensitivity. Chi-square analyses were run for each self-recognition task in order to see the difference between different care types. The results revealed that there was a significant difference between institutions and child homes on self-description and evaluation v and self-recognition sub-scales. Children in the low SES families were better than children in the institution on the sub-scales of SCQ and photo task. İn addition, moderation role of perceptual sensitivity and frustration were found between care types. The results were discussed in the light of the literature.

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Citation Formats
Z. Ertekin, “The Effects of care types and temperament on self concept and self regulation skills of children under the care of social services,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2014.