The Effects of care types and temperament on self concept and self regulation skills of children under the care of social services

Ertekin, Zeynep
The aim of the present study was to compare the self-development and self regulation of toddlers under the protection of government based on where they reside e.g. foster care, care villages, child homes and institutions. Temperament was taken as a moderator. Participants were 24-35 months old children who were residing in different care types in Ankara, Denizli and İstanbul and children who were staying with their families in low socioeconomic high-risk environments in Ankara. İn order to measure self-concept development, The Self-Concept Questionnaire (SCQ) was used and three self-recognition tasks (mirror task, mat pick-up task, and photo task) were administered to children. Four temperamental characteristics (frustration, inhibitory control, perceptual sensitivity and soothability) were taken from Early Childhood Behavior Questionnaire (ECBQ). Moreover, self-regulation of children was also measured by one of the sub-scales of (SCQ), and gift delay task. Hierarchical regression analyses were run for each developmental outcome in order to see the moderator effects of frustration and perceptual sensitivity. Chi-square analyses were run for each self-recognition task in order to see the difference between different care types. The results revealed that there was a significant difference between institutions and child homes on self-description and evaluation v and self-recognition sub-scales. Children in the low SES families were better than children in the institution on the sub-scales of SCQ and photo task. İn addition, moderation role of perceptual sensitivity and frustration were found between care types. The results were discussed in the light of the literature.


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Citation Formats
Z. Ertekin, “The Effects of care types and temperament on self concept and self regulation skills of children under the care of social services,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2014.