Sources and determinants of intra-industry heterogeneity in the innovation process

Download
2015
Yurtseven, Alp Eren
This thesis aims to explore the sources of intra – industry heterogeneity of innovation modes and the effects of such heterogeneity on the innovation process. A taxonomy of innovative firms was constructed and different modes of innovation were explored for this purpose, then micro and macro level determinants of intra – industry heterogeneity were analyzed. The linkage between firm’s innovative characteristics and its resource position, knowledge base and relationships with other organizations was established. Finally the effects of intra – industry heterogeneity on the innovation process were investigated using a modified version of the Crépon – Duguet – Mairesse model. Analysis results indicate that there are groups of firms within the same sector that display distinct innovation characteristics and firm’s resource position, knowledge base and cooperation behavior have a bearing on the innovative characteristics of firms. Furthermore, it was found that variables related to variety generation within a sector increase heterogeneity; whereas increasing average firm size or concentration of firms that belong to a group reduces the amount of heterogeneity in that sector. Research findings indicate that firms operating in more diverse sectors (in terms of innovative behavior) spend more on innovation and introduce product innovations more efficiently. Research based evidence from this thesis show that sectors are populated with firms that have distinct innovative characteristics. Therefore, sectoral innovation policies should target specific groups, rather than emphasizing innovation typologies based on vague abstractions. Moreover heterogeneity of innovative behavior can be regarded as a risk – mitigation tool to control the adverse effects of path dependency and lock – in.

Suggestions

Government supports for innovation: when is promoting entrepreneurial entry suboptimal?
Uysal, Yetkin; Küçükşenel, Serkan; Department of Economics (2018)
Governments evidently provide financial support for R&D expenditures of start-ups, and subsidies for commercialization costs of entrepreneurs with the aim of promoting innovation and increasing welfare. In order to investigate these implications of entrepreneurship and government supports for an oligopolistic market with homogeneous goods, I construct a model where a start-up can commercialize its innovation either by market entry or by sale to an incumbent firm. The innovation is first considered a non-dra...
An Emprical examination for collaborative nature of business process modeling
Fındık Coşkunçay, Duygu; Çakır, Murat Perit; Department of Information Systems (2016)
In this study, factors that contribute to interaction quality of collaborative group members in a computer-supported collaborative business process modeling context were investigated with qualitative and quantitative methods. Initially, interaction quality factors were identified based on a review of related theoretical frameworks and qualitative analysis of log files from a dual eye-tracking experiment. A rating scheme was then developed to assess the quality of group interactions. A research model, that r...
Determinants of early performance of new technology-based firms supported by government: Turkish case
Turan, Damla; Erdil, Erkan; Tandoğan, V. Sinan; Department of Economics (2016)
This master’s thesis aims to analyze the determinants of the early-stage performance of New Technology-Based Firms (NTBFs) supported by the Turkish government and develop policy recommendations in order to enhance the current support mechanisms. The main contribution of this study is that it is the first study to analyze the determinants of the early-stage performance of NTBFs supported by the government in the Turkish context. For this reason, a specific government support program was chosen. 1512 Entrepre...
The Impact of mentoring on start-ups
Aydoğdu, Esra; Oran, Adil; Department of Science and Technology Policy Studies (2019)
The purpose of this study is revealing the strengths and weaknesses of an entrepreneurial mentoring program and having information about the impact of this program. To do this, formal mentoring program which is provided to entrepreneurs that have been established their companies with public support in Turkey between 2012 and 2015 were investigated. First, literature review was done to reveal the expected outcomes and the evaluation methods of mentoring programs. Thus, mentoring functions and performance ind...
Sources and benefits of social capital for technology based firms in STPs a case of METU Technopolis
Aslan, Duygu; Wasti Pamuksuz, Syeda Nazlı; Department of Science and Technology Policy Studies (2014)
The main objective of this thesis is to analyze the sources and benefits of social capital for technology based firms located in science and technology parks (STPs). For this aim, the dyadic and network relations of technology based firms within a science and technology park were examined by analyzing firms in METU Technopolis, the first science and technology park established in Turkey. A mixed method approach including both quantitative and qualitative methods was applied, and for the qualitative analysis...
Citation Formats
A. E. Yurtseven, “Sources and determinants of intra-industry heterogeneity in the innovation process,” Ph.D. - Doctoral Program, Middle East Technical University, 2015.