Variations in sizes, shapes, materials and colours of mosaic tesserae in Southeastern Anatolia Region

Tanrıverdi, Yaprak
The aim of this research was to quantify ancient mosaics by their shape, size, material and colours. The study made an attempt to classify the various shapes and sizes of the tesserae used in ancient mosaics, which would help identifying and documenting the subject domain. Investigating tesserae colors was both for drawing attention to types of material used in ancient mosaics and first step for proposing a color catalog of Anatolia, one of the most important mosaic centers of world. Commagene Region in Southeast Anatolia was selected for case study as it hosts Zeugma-Belkıs mosaics is close to Antioch mosaics, and the region is accoutered with archeometrical artifacts. Information on Commagene Region mosaics from Arsameia, Samosata, Perrhe, Bahasna and Zeugma settlements, in literature was gathered in order to propose an identification catalog for each mosaic. Following this, mosaics from Adıyaman and Zeugma Mosaic Museums were investigated in detail, they were photographed and distinguished colors were detected with Konika Minolta Chroma meter. Tesserae sizes were measured from taken photographs and shapes were drawn in computer with Coreldraw. According to data obtained tesserae shapes were classified into seven groups, namely; square, rectangle, trapezoid, parallelogram, triangle, amorphous and definitive piece which was roundel shapes used for specific delineations such as eyeballs. A small color chip was prepared for each measured tesserae and presented in catalog of related mosaics. Mosaics from Arsameia and Bahasna were not attainable in the Adıyaman museum therefore tesserae traits and color measurements was conducted on Samosata, Perrhe and Zeugma mosaics. According to results meander was the common motif used in all settlements. Commagene Region mosaics mostly contained tesserae from yellow (Y) and yellow-red (YR) pages of Munsell Soil Color chart. Green and blue pages had few chips which explain the reason for use of smalti in the region. Mastery was indicated with tesserae size and tesserae density in Samosata and with color use and tesserae density in Zeugma and Perrhe. In addition six samples such as pinkish white and grey colored carbonatic rocks and unique colored ones such as blue, red and green from Perrhe was minerologically analyzed with X-ray diffraction (XRD), which revealed carbonatic rocks were calcite and blue, red and green tesserae were glassy structures.


Effect of particle shape on fall velocity of angular particles
Göğüş, Mustafa; Kokpinar, MA (2001-10-01)
In this study, fall velocities of 174 regularly shaped angular particles-namely cylindrical, cubic, wedge-shaped prisms, and box-shaped prisms-made of five different materials were measured in calm water conditions in a cylindrical settling column. Reynolds numbers based on particle fall velocity and characteristic length were varied, in the range from 10(3) to 4.2 x 10(4). A new shape factor and characteristic length were defined from a transformed form of the original particle. Variation of experimentally...
Deposition and dislocation of pottery as surface assemblages in semi-arid regions
Tunçer, Aylin; Güvenç, Murat; Department of Settlement Archaeology (2005)
This thesis aims to discuss the archaeological concerns about how surveys can provide data tht is meaningful to construct spatial patterning and its intricacies for inferences through altering processes diversified as cultural and natural processes. Along with that there is also a second concern dealing with the application of these theoretical issues to practical basis. It consists both methodological limits and also limits governed by the legislation of the particular area according to the aim of the stud...
The display of hekatomnid power in karian settlements through urban imagery
Üzel, Ayça; Güven, Suna Naziyet; Department of Settlement Archaeology (2007)
This thesis focuses on a distinctive period in Karian history marked by the Hekatomnid dynasty in the 4th century BC. The basic question is the ways in which the Hekatomnid power was reflected in the Karian settlement practices and urban imagery. In this regard Maussollos, the most well-known member of the Hekatomnid dynasty, and his policies, including vast building projects and synoikismoi activities, are important indicators in giving a hint on Karian political praxis for the solution of conjectural prob...
Social context of small find distribution at Domuztepe : ritual display and society
Erdem, Deniz; Atakuman, Çiğdem; Department of Settlement Archaeology (2013)
This study examines the spatial distribution of small finds within a late Neolithic ritual context at the site of Domuztepe-Kahramanmaraş (c. 6500-5500). This ritual context is composed of 3 interrelated components, namely the Death Pit, the Ditch and the Burnt Structure, all of which were found located in relation to a specially prepared space made up of compacted red earth, which is called the Red Terrace. The small finds that were recovered from these contexts during the excavations included items such a...
Defining cooking activity areas of Burgaz domestic units in the 4th century B.C
Atıcı, Nadire; Tuna, Numan; Department of Settlement Archaeology (2003)
The main aim of this study is to define the cooking activity spaces in Burgaz at 4th Century B.C. by carrying out statistical analysis of artefacts come from floor levels. In this study the distribution of artefacts and the associations of these distributions with architectural remains are examined rather than architectural features. In order to defining cooking activity spaces, the spatial distribution of cooking wares and utilities were taken into consideration. The distributions of cooking wares were tri...
Citation Formats
Y. Tanrıverdi, “Variations in sizes, shapes, materials and colours of mosaic tesserae in Southeastern Anatolia Region,” Ph.D. - Doctoral Program, Middle East Technical University, 2016.