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Object relations, perceived parental rearing styles, and defense mechanisms in relation to personality traits and symptoms of personality disorders

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2016
Gürol Işık, İncila
The purpose of the current study was to examine the relations among object relations (i.e., alienation, insecure attachment, egocentricity, & social incompetence), defense styles (immature, neurotic, & mature), and personality patterns (i.e., symptomatology & trait). Additionally, the role of perceived parental rearing styles (i.e., overprotection, rejection, & emotional warm) on defense use and developing personality patterns was also investigated. Sample size of the current study was 823 (557 females, 264 males, & 2 not reported) whose age ranged between 18 and 67 (M = 28.10, SD = 8.94). The data were collected through a questionnaire package including Informed Consent, Demographic Information Form, Egna Minnen Betraffande Uppfostran – My Memories of Upbringing, Bell Object Relations and Reality Testing Inventory, Defense Style Questionnaire, Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory L and K Subscales, Personality Belief Questionnaire, and Basic Personality Traits Inventory. In order to examine the significant associates of personality patterns two sets of hierarchical regression analyses were conducted. Furthermore, two path analyses were run to test the mediating effect of defense styles between object relations and personality patterns. Results of the study support hypotheses in which variables of object relations and defense styles are associated with personality patterns. Besides object relations, perceived parental rearing styles were also found as related factor of defense styles and personality patterns. Moreover, the mediation effects of defense styles between object relations and personality patterns were found via path analyses. Lastly, results, clinical implications, and limitations of the current study were discussed depending on the current literature.