The Relations of İstanbul and Ankara within the press of Turkish national struggle (1918-1922)

Demirel, Ali
The basic goal of this thesis is to analyze the relations of the Turkish Nationalists with the İstanbul Governments, the Allied powers and also Soviet Russia during the Turkish National Struggle with a special focus on the religious-judicial and military-political legitimacy of the National movement as reflected in the newspapers published in İstanbul and Anatolia. Except for three anti-nationalist newspapers, Türkçe İstanbul, Alemdar and Peyam-ı Sabah, the most influential nationalist newspapers, İkdam, İfham, Tasvir-i Efkar, Vakit, İleri, Yeni Gün, Akşam, Hadisat, Öğüt, Albayrak, Açıksöz, İrade-i Milliye, İzmir’e Doğru and Hakimiyet-i Milliye, published in İstanbul and Anatolia supported the National movement in spite of heavy censorship of the İstanbul Government and the Allied powers. These newspapers defended that the Nationalists achieved the religious and legal legitimacy by establishing the society for the defense of rights, organizing national congresses, publishing a fatwa against İstanbul, opening the Grand National Assembly, and enacting laws in Ankara. In addition, according to the publications of the nationalist press in İstanbul and Anatolia, the National Government in Ankara proved its diplomatic-political legitimacy in the international arena thanks to the great military victories, such as Battles of İnönü, Sakarya and the Great Offensive. The political agreements of the Ankara Government, like the Ankara Treaty, signed with France, the Moscow Treaty of Friendship signed with Soviet Russia, and finally, the Mudanya Armistice Treaty signed with representatives of the Allied powers prepared the ground the Ankara Government for being the sole representative of the Turkish people in the international arena.


Turkish press and the Turkish-Greek relations (1946-1955)
Emen Gökatalay, Gözde; Boyar, Ebru; Department of International Relations (2017)
This thesis examined the role of the Turkish press in the course of the Turkish-Greek relations from 1946 to 1955. These two neighbors initially achieved an exceptional and unprecedented partnership to counter a perceived threat from the Soviet Union and its satellite states in a hostile atmosphere of the emerging Cold War. Over the course of the period, however, the golden age of the Turkish-Greek relations was waned, and these two partners gradually turned against each other. Using the most circulated and...
The International news agencies in the Ottoman Empire (1854-1908)
Yanatma, Servet; Ergut, Ferdan; Department of History (2015)
This dissertation explores the establishment, development and activities of international news agencies, particularly Reuter and Havas in the Ottoman Empire; and their relations with the Ottoman State. While the European imperialism dominated the nineteenth century, international communication was one of the main necessities of this expansion. The agencies, which mainly began their services in the mid-nineteenth century, became one of the significant tools of this expansion with the advent of telegraph. Aft...
Reconsidering the annexation of the Sanjak of Alexandretta through local narratives
Matkap, Sıtkıye; Şeker, Nesim; Department of Media and Cultural Studies (2009)
The main aim of this thesis is to examine the history of Sanjak of Alexandretta in the Turkish nationalist historiography. In this respect, it is important to comprehend how this region as a territory was tried to present as a homeland with ethnic-nationalist connotations and idioms through the discipline of history by Kemalist nationalists in the late of 1930s. Thus, in order to pay attention to the process of annexation of the region into Turkey requires focusing on how and by whom this nationalist histor...
Turkish press and the early cold war (1945-1950)
Gökatalay, Semih; Boyar, Ebru; Department of Middle East Studies (2016)
This thesis investigated how Turkish press’ perceptions of the early Cold War were shaped from 1945 to 1950 by utilizing newspaper articles from the relevant period. The period at hand experienced Soviet demands from Turkey, Turkey’s drive to the West, and domestic political (i.e., transition to the multi-party system) and economic (i.e., transition to the liberal economy) changes. In this atmosphere, the Turkish press, which had organic links with politicians, had a vital role in shaping the domestic publi...
The Role of reporters in corporate media: an inquiry into the labour process of reporters in Turkey
Yeşilyurt, Adem; Çakmur, Barış; Department of Political Science and Public Administration (2014)
From a critical political economy approach, this study is an attempt to investigate the labour process of reporters working in corporate media outlets in Turkey as the main agents of the news production processes. Based upon a field research consisting interviews conducted among journalists in Ankara and Istanbul, this thesis examines the transformation of the labour processes of reporters with the ever-increasing commercialisation from press to media and the introduction of new technologies. With the ever-...
Citation Formats
A. Demirel, “The Relations of İstanbul and Ankara within the press of Turkish national struggle (1918-1922),” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2018.