A study on the building techniques and materials in the late antique and byzantine fortifications in anatolia: Ancyra and Nicaea /

Download
2016
Yavuzatmaca, Mercan
This research aims to investigate building techniques and materials in the Late Antique and Byzantine fortifications of Anatolia through the selected case studies of Ancyra/Ankara and Nicaea/Iznik. The majority of Late Antique and Byzantine fortifications in Anatolia are distinguished by ashlar masonry, including quantities of spolia, with alternating courses of brick. The frequent appearance of brick, in combination with more-or-less regularly cut blocks or spolia, in the buildings and fortifications of Anatolia from the Late Roman through to the Byzantine periods (particularly from the ninth century onwards) creates difficulties in offering a precise dating for these structures. The citadel of Ankara, in terms of construction technique and materials, finds one of its closest parallels in the fortifications of Iznik. The major modification to the walls of Iznik, originally built in the third century AD, is attributed to Michael III, or precisely to the year 858 by the inscriptions. The eighth and ninth century phases of the walls of Iznik are characterized by rich quantities of spolia alternating with bands of brick. Similarly, the rebuilding of the inner circuit of the Ankara fortifications, built of large blocks of spolia up to a height of eight-to-ten meters, capped above by alternating courses of brick and rubble stone, is attributed to the year 859. The rebuilding of the walls of both Ankara and Iznik were included in a large-scale program of fortification by the Emperor Michael III (842-867). A close examination of these two fortifications will help us understand the development of the variations in ashlar masonry and spolia, in combination with brick, and shed light on dating and restitution issues, assisting in determining appropriate conservation approaches, in other Late Antique and Byzantine fortifications in Anatolia.

Suggestions

A Study on reusing Bouleuterion of Teos /
Çalışkan, Merve; Gökce, Fuat; Restoration in Department of Architecture (2015)
This study is constructed upon the question of “How should we approach to a building in an archaeological site for its compatible and sustainable utilization?” as a contemporary phenomenon which was and still has been considered for ancient places of performances and Bouleuterion in Teos Archaeological site - an architectural remain in excavation process, is assessed as the case of the study. For this reason, starting with a generic research on ‘reusing’ of historic buildings, the research on the utilizatio...
Interpretation and presentation of archaeological sites: the case of Magnesia on the Meander /
Kalfa, Başak; Özgönül, Nimet; Kökdemir, Görkem; Conservation of Cultural Heritage in Department of Architecture (2017)
The core of this thesis is the interpretation and presentation of archaeological sites which are the palimpsests of past lives and cultures. The thesis investigates the interpretation and presentation approaches for an archaeological site to display itself to the non-professional audiences while preserving its unique characteristics. The study can be divided into two cohesive parts: the former as the conceptual and theoretical section and the latter is investigation on a specific case. At the first section ...
Development of a presentation framework for an archaeological site case study
Yurtsevenler, Özge; Gökce, Fuat; Restoration in Department of Architecture (2013)
This study focuses on how archaeological sites can effectively be planned and operated as an integral part of preservation process. Moreover, the possible and effective presentation subjects are discussed for different target visitor groups. the ICOMOS Ename Charter for Interpretation and Presentation of Cultural Heritage Sites, whic was initiated by the International Council of Monuments and Sites, offers professional principles for effectively interpreting and presenting cultural heritage sites. This stud...
A Holistic Assessment of the Traditional Building Culture Among Building Masters in The Eastern Black Sea Region
Karakul Türk, Özlem (2021-01-01)
This study conducted a holistic assessment on the traditional building culture of the Eastern Black Sea region by investigating the construction techniques, materials, and methods among building masters. For this purpose, by examining regional building construction techniques and the data from the literature research, traditional architecture was investigated in terms of both its tangible and intangible values. Additional data was obtained from a series of interviews with the builders, architectural drawing...
Narrating past places to present viewers: presentation of archaeological sites as contemporary (re)constructs, the case of Labraunda /
Kepenek, Banu; Bilgin Altınöz, Ayşe Güliz; Conservation of Cultural Heritage in Department of Architecture (2016)
The main subject of this thesis is the narration and presentation of archaeological sites which are past places to today’s viewers. The main purpose of this study is to narrate the past places with and as preserving its meaning and spirit. Those places are the proofs of ancient lives; that’s the reason why it is so important to understand and preserve them today and in the future. The study discusses what should be done while presenting and re-narrating, which can be called as a re-construction, the past pl...
Citation Formats
M. Yavuzatmaca, “A study on the building techniques and materials in the late antique and byzantine fortifications in anatolia: Ancyra and Nicaea /,” M.Arch. - Master of Architecture, Middle East Technical University, 2016.