Reflections of social and cultural understandings of the state and non-governmental organizations about disability: dynamics of social exclusion

Girişmen, Gizem
This thesis aims to explore the role of charity and charity based system of social policy in relation to social exclusion and disability as well as the structural and cultural factors behind charitable efforts targeting disabled people in Turkey. Within the scope of this study, social exclusion concept is accepted as a multidimensional process rather than an endpoint. Furthermore, it is argued that disabled people experience hybrid forms of exclusionary processes rooted in socioeconomic and cultural representational inequalities and charity is a critical source in worsening these processes. To understand the role and effect of charity in the dynamic relationship between social exclusion and disability, a qualitative research involving in-depth interviews with people with orthopedic disabilities and the representatives of disability related NGOs is employed. However, this study is not representative of the entire disability experience that involves heterogeneity and therefore only represents the research group. This study concludes that the relationship between charity, disability and socio-cultural exclusion in the Turkish context involves dynamics processes with interacting complex set of factors such as individualization of oppression, charity based system of social policy, legislative efforts involving discriminative treatment, medicalization of disability, the role and priorities of NGOs, cultural representation of disability, agency and the effect of religion. Moreover, it is observed that not only NGOs’ but also the state’s understanding about disability is dominantly shaped through charity. One of the most important conclusions of this study is that charity activities affect socio-cultural exclusionary processes experienced by disabled people through promoting strong dualism pointing two mutually exclusive groups of people as disabled and non-disabled. 


Telling about something that you do not really know: blind people are talking about vision!
Koca-Atabey, Mujde; Öz, Bahar (2017-01-01)
In Turkey, the laws which define disability have become increasingly harsh, and require disabled people to be assessed in order to determine how disabled' they are. For blind people, as for other disabled people, these assessments have real consequences. This article aims to discuss an appealing piece that arose during a project, which has bearing on how disabled people tend to answer these questions. The participants are legally blind adults. We, as sighted researchers, asked totally blind individuals to d...
Conceptual Challenges Between Universal Design and Disability in Relation to the Body, Impairment, and the Environment / Where Does the Issue of Disability Stand in the Philosophy of UD?
Erkılıç, Mualla (Middle East Technical University, Faculty of Architecture, 2011)
Universal Design (UD), which is grounded politically and sociologically in the long historic struggle of the anti-discrimination and disability rights movements in the United States that occurred between 1970's and 1990's and the market-oriented necessities of an aging society, has been defined as 'design for all' people to the greatest extent possible, differentiating it from earlier concepts of adaptable, specialised or accessible design. UD argues that the design of a built environment must be usable by ...
An Inquiry Into the Necessity of Participation of People with Disabilities in Architecture
Karayama, Hatice Tuğba; Erkılıç, Mualla; Department of Architecture (2022-9-01)
In the second half of the 20th century, disability rights advocates criticized society and authorities for considering disability as personal misfortune and inferiority and for not taking any responsibility for the struggle of people with disabilities. Those critiques developed a new perspective, the Social Model of Disability, affecting disability studies, rights, and policies. The Social Model defined disability as the outcome of the interaction between a person with impairment and the social and built en...
Disability salience as an indicator of loss anxiety: an alternative explanation for the fundamental fear of human beings
Atabey, Cemile Müjde; Öner Özkan, Bengi; Department of Psychology (2011)
The aim of the present research was to investigate the issue of loss anxiety within the framework of disability and terror management theory. A questionnaire package was administered to 217 participants twice to examine the effects of mortality salience and disability salience. Besides mortality salience, paralysis salience was found to be effective. Highly conservative participants were becoming more conservative in the paralysis salience and mortality salience conditions. Content analysis was also conduct...
Changing notions of volunteering: United Nations volunteering programme
Karakaya, Burcu; Göksel, Asuman; Department of Political Science and Public Administration (2020)
This thesis investigates the notion of volunteering and the transformation of it with a special focus on the United Nations Volunteers (UNV) programme. It argues that volunteering cannot be understood without any reference to the economic and political context that surrounds it. With an integrative approach, firstly different forms of social actions similar to volunteering in different courses of time and countries are examined. Following this, the concept of volunteering in the current literature is discus...
Citation Formats
G. Girişmen, “Reflections of social and cultural understandings of the state and non-governmental organizations about disability: dynamics of social exclusion,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2017.