Transformation of residential interiors in the Moda district of İstanbul,1930s-1970s

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2017
Sezginalp, Pınar
The aim of this study is to analyze how the spatial character of the interior residential space transformed in the district of Moda in İstanbul together with the urban and architectural context as an outcome of the social transformation during the 20th century. The focus is on the period from the 1930s to the 1970s in order to evaluate the transformation within the researched interior residential spaces with reference to the contemporary process of modernization experienced in Turkey. The larger scope of the study is thus to contribute to the historiography of interior architecture in the country by documenting and evaluating the residential interiors in Moda with the use of the archival and literary sources as well as the information gathered from interviews. The study initially examines the production of the residences in Moda, presenting how the pattern of the district transformed from orchards and traditional houses to single-family houses and apartments. The roles of the actors behind this production is also discussed to understand firstly the architect-designed single- family houses and apartments for rent built between the 1930s and the 1950s, and secondly the flat-ownership in apartment blocks built mostly by contractors between the 1960s and the 1970s. The landowners and occupants are also presented as significant actors of this production to understand the social identities of families in Moda. The examination of the production of the residences holds importance in understanding not only the shaping and the latter transformation of both urban and architectural pattern of Moda, but also the social status of families in order to evaluate their daily lives that affected the formation of interior residential spaces. Based upon this examination, the main body of analysis in this study focuses on the interior spaces of the residences in Moda, for which the spatial allocation, use of space and social status of inhabitants of the residences will be evaluated. In order to understand the effect of the modernization process in their transformation from the 1930s to the 1970s, the interior spaces are analyzed in relation to the changes in the notions of publicity and privacy experienced in the interiors; the spatial changes that affected domestic management; and the various types of displays of the materialization of the social status of families/owners of the houses as reflected in the accessories, features, furniture and fixtures used. 

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Citation Formats
P. Sezginalp, “Transformation of residential interiors in the Moda district of İstanbul,1930s-1970s,” Ph.D. - Doctoral Program, Middle East Technical University, 2017.