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Re-mapping contemporary architecture in Turkey based on the relationship between urbanisation and architecture: Eskişehir road development in Ankara

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2020
Günel, Ahmet
The purpose of this thesis is to re-map contemporary architecture in Turkey through the transformative and correlative relationship between urban and architectural scales because the contemporary transformation of architecture in recent years is considerably related with its urban meaning and its role within the urban context. In order to achieve this, a theoretical background, which includes a comprehensive literature survey and a general framework of architecture and urbanization relation in Turkey with historical background, is presented. In this respect, the impact of urban planning and policies and urban development patterns on architectural scale, as well as the transformative power of developments in building scale are studied. The recent urban developments on Eskişehir Road in Ankara are selected as a case study area and a representative model to understand the relationship of architecture with urbanisation, context and city. Similar new developments as an annex to city centers are demonstrated in many Turkish cities. Therefore, this case study addresses a repetitive pattern not limited with Ankara but adaptable to many urban transformations all through Turkish context. The case study is evaluated within the transformation of architectural typologies. In this sense, new urbanism policies and dynamics in Turkey, and the transformative relationship between architecture and the city are examined. This critical evaluation of the case study area will be utilized to re-map and understand contemporary condition both in urban and architectural scale developments, transformations, and their transformative impact on each other.