Political prison culture in Turkish prisons: from the ward to the F type system

Karagöl, Elif Yağmur
In this study, the reciprocal relationship between prison architecture and prison culture is analyzed within the context of the transition from the ward system to the high security F type prison system. The analysis is fed by the prison culture discussions; the internal deprivation of Gresham Sykes and Erwing Goffman; and the external impact of James B. Jacobs, Donald Cressey and John Irwin. During the research process, the in-depth interviews were conducted with the former political prisoners. By assuming that there are variances in the practices and ideas of different political organizations, the existing common values and behavior patterns in the prisons were emphasized in the study. At the end of the research, it was observed that the pre-prison political culture found an opportunity to continue and to strenghten in the conditions of the ward system. The political power also referred to the prisons as a source of public opposition. Within this context, the transformation in the prison system can be interpreted as a better administration of the hostility against the State. The prisoners tried to maintain the political culture within the conditions of the F type prisons. The state of equilibrium of the ward system is to be re-established according to the new conditions by the political prisoners.


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Bekiroğlu, Sibel; Topal, Çağatay; Department of Sociology (2016)
This study undertakes the analysis of everyday lives of the political prisoners in F-type prisons in reliance of the concept of “tactic” of Michel de Certeau. Based on isolation model, F-type prisons are high security prisons that were started to be used after 2000s. The establishment of F-type prisons is one of the important points in the recent political history of Turkey, which can be entitled as a direct intervention to the everyday lives of political prisoners. Based on the interviews and correspondenc...
The Place of the European and the United Nations based agreements in prison reformation process in Turkey : an evaluation of the effects of internal dynamics versus external inputs on the application of F-type prisons in Turkish legal system
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This thesis seeks to evaluate the compatibility of the legal and institutional policies about F-Type Prisons applied by Turkish State with the European and the United Nations Based Agreements and Conventions which stipulate certain standards for the penitentiary system in the high contracting party states. It tries to make two level analysis: On the one hand, the relevant Turkish codes and the institutional settings of the penitentiary system in Turkey, namely internal dynamics, are examined in order to cha...
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Şenol, Emre; Gençöz, Faruk; Department of Psychology (2003)
Prison environment is accepted as being stressful. Prolonged exposure of high level of stress leads to psychological and physical illness when it cannot be managed effectively. Beside stress, situational factors (type of prison, room type, crime type and penalty status) and personality characteristics (locus of control, hopelessness and suicide thinking) are reported to play crucial role in psychological disorders in literature. Most common psychological disorders in prison environment are known as depressi...
Changing Cultures in Turkish Prisons: From the Ward System to the F-type Prisons
Karagöl, Yağmur; Topal, Çağatay (2015-09-01)
This study analyzes the ‘prison culture’ in the prisons in Turkey in terms of architectural design and political and economic context in Turkey. The case of prisons is examined with respect to the transition period from the ward system to the high-security cell-type prisons as a state policy. The concept of prison culture comes from the arguments of Gresham Sykes. He conceptualized this concept as determined by the internal deficiency of imprisonment and also as specific to penal institution. This conceptua...
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Karaca, Özlem; Gençöz, Tülin; Department of Psychology (2010)
The main purpose of the study was to obtain an estimate of Upon-Release Future Expectations of prisoners, and to examine the associations between these expectations and prisoners’ psychological problems. In addition, the effect of being parent, and of time left before release on Upon-Release Future Expectations of prisoners and their psychological problems were aimed to be examined. For these purposes, firstly, Upon-Release Future Expectations Scale was developed, and its reliability was investigated. Posit...
Citation Formats
E. Y. Karagöl, “Political prison culture in Turkish prisons: from the ward to the F type system,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2017.