A Closer look at rumination in adolescence: investigation of possible risk factors and moderators

Akkaya, Sevinç
Rumination is defined as excessive thinking about causes or consequences of negative event or dwelling on negative mood experienced. In the literature, two types of rumination (anger and depressive rumination) have been identified. Ruminative style thinking increases through adolescence and predicts several internalizing and externalizing problems. However, despite the evidence on consequences, the studies focusing on their developmental antecedents are limited. Therefore, the current study aims to investigate the role of parenting (maternal psychological control and overprotection), co-rumination with mother and adolescent’s perfectionism as possible risk factors for anger and depressive rumination. Also, adolescent’s temperament (negative affectivity, perceptual sensitivity and effortful control) and gender is examined as potential moderators in the link between predictors and rumination. To this end, a total of 252 adolescents (Mage= 13.19 years) were recruited from 5 secondary schools in Çankaya and Mamak, Ankara. Unique and interaction effects were examined through four sets of hierarchical regressions for each type of rumination. The results showed that gender, maternal psychological control, v adolescent’s self-oriented perfectionism, and negative affectivity uniquely predicted anger and depressive rumination. Besides, co-rumination on mother’s problems predicted depressive rumination, while perceptual sensitivity predicted anger rumination. In addition to these unique effects, effortful control interacted with co-rumination on adolescent’s problems and overprotection in relation to both type of rumination. Also, negative affect-overprotection, perceptual sensitivity-co-rumination on adolescent’s problems and gender-maternal psychological control interactions were found significant in relation to anger rumination. The findings, contributions and limitations of the study were discussed 


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Tuna, Ezgi; Bozo Özen, Özlem (Informa UK Limited, 2014-01-01)
The emotional cascade model (Selby, Anestis, & Joiner, 2008) posits that the link between emotional and behavioral dysregulation may be through emotional cascades, which are repetitive cycles of rumination and negative affect that result in an intensification of emotional distress. Dysregulated behaviors, such as non-suicidal self-injury, are used to reduce aversive emotions and distract the person from ruminative processes. The aim of the present study was to investigate the emotional cascade model in a no...
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Objectives We aimed to test whether negative emotion regulation difficulties and self-compassion mediate the relationship between early maladaptive schemas (EMSs) and symptoms of psychopathology and life satisfaction. Methods Data were collected from 296 adults (179 females, 117 males), whose age ranged from 17 to 52 years. The mediating roles of self-compassion and negative emotion regulation were examined via Hayes' procedure (PROCESS) for multiple mediation. Results Negative emotion regulation was the on...
Citation Formats
S. Akkaya, “A Closer look at rumination in adolescence: investigation of possible risk factors and moderators,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2017.