Literary encoding of modernist alienation in the language and spaces of James Joyce’s Ulysses and Sadeq Hedayat’s the Blind Owl

Download
2018
Najafıbabanazar, Maryam
This thesis examines James Joyce’s Ulysses (1922) and Sadeq Hedayat’s The Blind Owl (1937) from the point of view of their responses to modernist alienation, that is, how these two writers construct texts that, at several levels and particularly on the levels of language, place and space, encode and express alienation. Alienation itself is a theme that has been regularly associated with modernist art, and with its history of plentiful associations and meanings alienation is here taken to refer to the indifference and/or the inability of individuals to establish a meaningful relationship to other human beings or even to themselves, or to the things or social, political, or religious institutions around them. Regarding the exceptional cases of modernism in Ireland with its colonial history and in Iran with its enforced and hasty modernization and its semi-colonial situation the effects of representing such alienation on the language and spaces of the novels will be analysed. Alienation is encoded in these novels through modernist and avant-garde techniques such as formal experimentation that involves unconventional language use and complicated, non-linear narrative styles. The complexity caused as a result of these non-conformist styles and methods also creates the alienating effects on the readers that are typically modernist, too. That is, the readers experience these novels as “difficult” and become to some extent alienated from such texts. In their creation of the fictional spaces and representations of places in these novels, readers also encounter the alienating aspects of liminality, which reflect the isolation, dislocation, disorientation, and alienation of the situation of the characters. The thesis shows how liminality is a characteristic of many of the spaces in Ulysses and The Blind Owl. In these two modernist novels, alienating spaces, non-standard and unconventional narrative styles and language uses depict directly and indirectly the alienated positions of individuals who feel excluded from or are alienated in a society filled with oppressing elements such as colonial intrusion as well as religious and political autocratic rule.

Suggestions

A Julia Kristevan analysis of Emily Dickinson and John Milton
Sarıkaya, Merve; Sönmez, Margaret Jeanne M.; Department of Foreign Language Education (2007)
This thesis aims to analyze poems by Emily Dickinson and John Milton according to Julia Kristeva’s theories of poetic language and abjection, and to see the extent to which these concepts are applicable to two such different poets and also to see how the poets compare within such analytic framework. Kristeva adapts a psychoanalytic approach to poststructuralist theory. Psychoanalytic criticism with its two leading figures, Sigmund Freud and Jacques Lacan, has been analyzed to see its reflections on Kristeva...
Absurdity of the human condition in the Novels by Albert Camus and Samuel Beckett
Zileli, Bilge Nihal; İçöz, Nursel; Department of English Literature (2005)
This study carries out both a technical and a thematic analysis of the novels by Albert Camus, L̕Etranger, La Peste, and La Chute, and Samuel Beckett, Molloy, Malone Dies, and The Unnamable. In the technical analysis of the novels, the study explores the differences in characterization and narrative technique. It argues that the differences in these two issues mainly emerge from the difference in the two authors̕ views of art. In the thematic analysis, on the other hand, the study focuses on the recurring t...
Jungian archetypes in samuel beckett's trilogy
Kızılcık, Hale; Sönmez, Margaret Jeanne M.; Department of English Literature (2005)
This thesis analyses the Jungian archetypes employed in Beckett's trilogy. It begins with an overview of Jungian archetypes and the relation of these archetypes to the fundamental themes dealt with in Beckett's work. The thesis then asserts that some archetypal features occur almost obsessively and are further clearly implicated in the main themes of the trilogy. The central archetypal patterns that frequently appear in the novel are the hero's quest, return to paradise and rebirth. This dissertation is the...
Rereading Shakespeare's The Merchant of Venice and Richard II : Wesker's The Merchant and Ioneco's Exit the King
Altındağ, Zümrüt; Norman, Ünal; Department of Foreign Language Education (2004)
This thesis is a comparative study of how Shakespeare̕s ideas transcend the boundaries of his own time and still remain as the major sources of inspiration for modern dramatists. Arnold Wesker and Eugéne Ionesco explore the concept of the "other" leading to loss of identity and awareness of non-being embedded in Shakespeare̕s works. The main argument is that the contemporary playwrights reinterpret Shakespeare̕s works in the light of some modern issues and ideas to reveal the entrapment of the individual.
A bakhtinian analysis of William Golding’s rites of passage: heteroglossia, polyphony and the carnivalesque in the novel
Tuğlu, Utku; Sönmez, Margaret Jeanne M.; Department of English Literature (2011)
This thesis analyzes William Golding’s Rites of Passage using a detailed examination of the Bakhtinian concepts of heteroglossia, polyphony and the carnivalesque to investigate the points of mutual illumination and confirmation between Bakhtin’s ideas and Golding’s novel. Therefore the method of analysis is divided between a close study of Rites of Passage and an equally close examination of Bakhtin’s ideas. The Bakhtinian concepts studied in this thesis are central to his idea of language and theory of the...
Citation Formats
M. Najafıbabanazar, “Literary encoding of modernist alienation in the language and spaces of James Joyce’s Ulysses and Sadeq Hedayat’s the Blind Owl,” Ph.D. - Doctoral Program, Middle East Technical University, 2018.