ODYSSEY: a tool for microRNA-mRNA expression and interaction visualization

Taciroğlu, Alperen
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are non-coding short RNA molecules that are found in all metazoa studied so far. When distinct metazoa genomes considered up to 200 genes encode for unique miRNAs that show variability between species. Regulatory functions of miRNAs have been studied for 20 years starting after their discovery. The research suggests that they are involved in a wide spectrum of biological activities including apoptosis, tumorigenesis, development, homeostasis and viral infections. miRNAs regulate these cellular processes at the posttranscriptional level by binding to the messenger RNAs (mRNAs), leading to an unstable derivative of the initial biological molecule. miRNA targets are under strict evolutionary pressure which further implicates the importance of underlying biological mechanisms. Although there are several Gene/mRNA-miRNA interaction visualization and analysis tools "Odyssey" was built for improved interactive visualization the interaction network of miRNAs with along with their target expressions for a user uploaded dataset. It is built using Shiny package of the R programming language leading to seamless online access and modularity. In the end, I aim to provide users a user-friendly web-application which consists of modules that allows: uploading of their own data; performing differential expression (DGEx) analysis; and visualization of the network of which "Odyssey" builds from either experimentally validated or predicted interactions for individual miRNAs queried by the user. Odyssey further enables the user to filter selected nodes of the networks using fold change cut-offs obtained in DGEx step or expand the network using Gene Ontology (GO) terms to act as a strong predictor of the phenotype of interest for the user-specified biological data. Furthermore, the application has been demonstrated using two different public miRNA-mRNA expression datasets.


Aptamer-enabled uptake of small molecule ligands
Auwardt, Supipi Liyamali; Seo, Yeon-Jung; İlgü, Müslüm; Ray, Judhajeet; Feldges, Robert R.; Shubham, Shambhavi; Bendickson, Lee; Levine, Howard A.; Nilsen-Hamilton, Marit (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2018-10-24)
The relative ease of isolating aptamers with high specificity for target molecules suggests that molecular recognition may be common in the folds of natural RNAs. We show here that, when expressed in cells, aptamers can increase the intracellular concentrations of their small molecule ligands. We have named these aptamers as DRAGINs (Drug Binding Aptamers for Growing Intracellular Numbers). The DRAGIN property, assessed here by the ability to enhance the toxicity of their ligands, was found for some, but no...
APOBEC3B expression in drug resistant MCF-7 breast cancer cell lines
Onguru, Onder; Yalcin, Serap; Rosemblit, Cinthia; Zhang, Paul J.; Kilic, Selim; Gündüz, Ufuk (2016-04-01)
APOBEC3B belongs to a protein family of cytidine deaminases that can insert mutations in DNA and RNA as a result of their ability to deaminate cytidine to uridine. It has been shown that APOBEC3B-catalysed deamination provides a chronic source of DNA damage in breast cancers. We investigated APOBEC3B expression in four drug resistant breast cancer cell lines (Doxorubicin, Etoposide, Paclitaxel and Docetaxel resistant MCF-7 cell lines) using a novel RNA in situ hybridization technology (RNAscope) and compare...
Expression and activity analyses of industrially important extracellular enzymes produced by a bacilysin knock-out mutant of Bacillus Subtilis
Aytekin, Samet; Özcengiz, Gülay; Okay, Sezer; Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics (2018)
Bacilysin, the smallest peptide antibiotic known to date, is produced non-ribosomally by Bacillus subtilis by the collective actions of seven proteins transcribed from bacABCDEF operon and bacG gene. Bacilysin is a two-amino acid peptide composed of L-alanine and a modified amino acid, L-anticapsin. Bacilysin biosynthesis was shown to be strongly regulated by quorum sensing through the actions of global regulator proteins including Spo0K, Spo0H, Spo0A, ComQ/ComX, ComP/ComA as well as several Phr proteins, O...
Applications of terahertz spectroscopy in biosystems
Plusquellic, David F.; SİEGRİST, Karen; Heilweil, Edwin J.; Esentürk, Okan (Wiley, 2007-12-03)
Terahertz (THz) spectroscopic investigations of condensed-phase biological samples are reviewed ranging from the simple crystalline forms of amino acids, carbohydrates and polypeptides to the more complex aqueous forms of small proteins, DNA and RNA. Vibrationally resolved studies of crystalline samples have revealed the exquisite sensitivity of THz modes to crystalline order, temperature, conformational form, peptide sequence and local solvate environment and have given unprecedented measures of the bindin...
Harnessing DNA intercalation
Persil Çetinkol, Özgül (2007-10-01)
Numerous small molecules are known to bind to DNA through base pair intercalation. Fluorescent dyes commonly used for nucleic acid staining, such as ethidium, are familiar examples. Biological and physical studies of DNA intercalation have historically been motivated by mutation and drug discovery research. However, this same mode of binding is now being harnessed for the creation of novel molecular assemblies. Recent studies have used DNA scaffolds and intercalators to construct supramolecular assemblies t...
Citation Formats
A. Taciroğlu, “ODYSSEY: a tool for microRNA-mRNA expression and interaction visualization,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2018.