Exploring design requirements for educational robots used in K-12 education from educator’s perspective

Gürkanlı, Cengiz Hakan
Robotics field has broad application in human society and design space of robots even broader. In the last decades, robots were started to be used for various purposes after their first examples in industrial settings. Use of robots in various human work domains provide multiple benefits over other technological devices. Education is one of the challenging primary fields in which robots offer advantages over other technologies. Unlike other fields of robotics which requires advanced programming architectures or artificial intelligence, use of robots in education requires more humancentred perspective rather than focusing on the technology itself. Use of technologies in learning environments has a long history. Educational robots are actively used for educational purposes over three decades as a tool for learning activities. However, design and human-centred issues related to educational robotics literature is an overlooked area of research. Therefore, in the light of the previous studies in the area, this study aims to explore design related issues from a human-centred perspective. In the study, questions about the relationship between robot design and learning activities were explored from the educator’s perspective. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 15 respondents from different institutions. Interview results are examined the following issues: the ways robots support education, current and possible challenges of using robots in education, and how the interventions on the design of robots can support learning environments. In the light of the attained suggestions and comments from educators, study explored design requirements for educational robotics as a tool for learning in school environments. Requirements derived from the perspective of educators can provide guidance for designers who are challenged by designing robots for educational environments.


Development of a desktop robot for robotics education
Sekmen, A; Koku, Ahmet Buğra (2002-07-18)
The lack of easily constructible, programmable, and extendable robotics environments is a big obstacle that prevents educational robotics from growing faster. Most of the time, students need to deal with hardware interfacing and integration, low-level programming for hardware control, and software integration. This usually causes the loss of students' valuable time that they could spend on designing and implementing their own algorithms. This fact led us to seek ways of developing a hardware/software enviro...
Global Urban Localization of Outdoor Mobile Robots Using Satellite Images
DOĞRUER, CAN ULAŞ; Koku, Ahmet Buğra; Dölen, Melik (2008-09-26)
Localization is one of the major research fields in mobile robotics. With the utilization of satellite images and Monte Carlo localization technique, the global localization of an outdoor mobile robot is studied in this paper. The proposed method employs satellite images downloaded from the Internet to localize the robot iteratively. To accomplish this, the proposed method matches the local laser scanner data with the segmented satellite images. Initial test results conducted on the METU campus are found to...
Guidelines for building experimental mobile robots with off-the-shelf components
Özkil, Ali Gürcan; Koku, Ahmet Buğra; Department of Mechanical Engineering (2008)
Robotics is an emerging field, and it is also affecting several other fields. Design of robotic platforms gains more importance since the focus and aim of the robotics research broadens widely and the variety of the users is significant. This work aims to present the design of a modular mobile robotic platform, which should be simple, easy to build and easy to use. The concept of modularity, usage of off-the shelf components and utilizing a PC platform, are addressed in this work. As a result of this work, ...
Control and motion planning for mobile robots via a secure wireless communication protocol
Kaya, Muhammed Çağrı; Eroğlu, Alperen; Temizer, Selim (null; 2013-05-21)
Mobile robot control is receiving considerably more attention in current robotics research. Especially unmanned vehicles are used in important missions such as bomb disposal, patrolling borders of a country by unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), etc. This usage increases the importance of unmanned vehicles and they become a target of malevolent people. In this study, a controllable robot system is designed with a secure communication protocol. A Pioneer P3-DX robot is used as a ground vehicle. The robot operat...
The learning and use of traversability affordance using range images on a mobile robot
Ugur, Emre; Dogar, Mehmet R.; Cakmak, Maya; Şahin, Erol (2007-04-14)
We are interested in how the concept of affordances can affect our view to autonomous robot control, and how the results obtained from autonomous robotics can be reflected back upon the discussion and studies on the concept of affordances. In this paper, we studied how a mobile robot, equipped with a 3D laser scanner, can learn to perceive the traversability affordance and use it to wander in a room filled with spheres, cylinders and boxes. The results showed that after learning, the robot can wander around...
Citation Formats
C. H. Gürkanlı, “Exploring design requirements for educational robots used in K-12 education from educator’s perspective,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2018.