Systems thinking skills of preschool children in early childhood education contexts of Turkey and Germany

Feriver Gezer, Şebnem
The goal of this thesis is two-fold. The first goal is to conceptualize nature of the systems thinking skills of 4- to 6-year-old preschool children. Accordingly, an individual story reading and interview session was realized with 52 Turkish and German children. Then the nature of the children’s systems thinking skills were conceptualized by making use of a developmental rubric which was created as part of this study. The second goal of this study is to explore potential educational contextual key variables that may have an impact on systems thinking skills of young children. Accordingly, interacti on patterns among aspects of systems thinking skills within the Turkish and German mainstream and alternative educational contexts were examined by utilizing a comparative multiple case study approach. The findings of this study indicated that young children do show some signs of complex understanding regarding systems thinking in terms of detecting obvious gradual changes, two-step domino and/or multiple one-way causalities, and describing behavior of a balancing loop. However, their capacity was found to be limited in detecting a reinforcing loop, hidden components and processes, understanding system mechanisms, demonstrating multi-dimensional perspective, solving problem through high-leverage interventions, and predicting the future behavior of the system. In addition to these, findings indicated that age and lingual background of the child, duration of attending a preschool, facilitating children’s conflict resolution, seeing and touching the systems explicitly, project-based learning, critical thinking, cognitively challenging questions, teachers and lack of systems thinking approach could be related to the systems thinking skills of children.


Pre-service early childhood teachers’ beliefs on inclusive education with respect to their self-reported personality traits
İler, Celal; Olgan, Refika; Department of Early Childhood Education (2015)
The aims of this study were; (1) to examine the pre-service early childhood teachers’ beliefs on inclusion, their personality traits, (2) the relationship between the pre-service early childhood teachers’ beliefs on inclusion and their personality traits, and (3) whether the pre-service early childhood teachers’ beliefs on inclusive education differ with respect to participation a course on inclusive education. The participant of the study were 907 second, third and fourth year pre-service early childhood t...
New methods for decentralised sensor fusion and extended target tracking models
Köksal, Hilal; Özkan, Emre; Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering (2022-12-16)
The focus of this thesis is two-fold; the first study investigates the use of student-t distribution for the decentralised multi-sensor fusion problem. Multi-sensor fusion can suffer from several artefacts such as low channel capacity, delays in the communication channels, the correlation in the acquired information and sensor biases. When combined with these artefacts, the errors in the local sensors’ estimates can result in conflicting information at the fusion center. Such conflicts may later be resolved...
Mete, Bengisu; Baç, Mutlu Murat; Department of Philosophy (2022-8)
The objective of this thesis is twofold. First, the work intends to show that the commonly discussed fact-value dichotomy, which begins with Hume‘s famous is-ought paragraph, cannot be solved by meta-ethical theories that defend the traditional interpretation by treating the issue as purely a matter of logical deducibility or that merely dwell on moral words and concepts without offering practical solutions. In this context, after examining the parts of Hume‘s moral philosophy that do and do not comply with...
Towards an appraisal of the academic literature on determinants of child labour in Turkey
Sağlam, Burcu; Vural, İpek Eren; Department of Social Policy (2014)
This thesis has two interrelated aims. First, it aims to assess the mainstream theoretical approaches that account for the causes of increasing significance of child labour. Secondly, it aims to locate the evolution of child within its political economic context of capitalist development and crisis in Turkey especially since the 1980s. The thesis argues that changing dynamics of capitalist development especially since the 1970s, (such as the internationalisation of capital, the growing dominance of money fo...
Robust quality metrics for assessing multimodal data
Konuk, Barış; Akar, Gözde; Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering (2015)
In this thesis work; a novel, robust, objective, no-reference video quality assessment (VQA) metric, namely Spatio-Temporal Network aware Video Quality Metric (STNVQM), has been proposed for estimating perceived video quality under compression and transmission distortions. STN-VQM uses parameters reflecting the spatiotemporal characteristics of the video such as spatial complexity and motion. STN-VQM also utilizes parameters representing distortions due to compression and transmission such as bit rate and p...
Citation Formats
Ş. Feriver Gezer, “Systems thinking skills of preschool children in early childhood education contexts of Turkey and Germany,” Ph.D. - Doctoral Program, Middle East Technical University, 2018.