The Relationship between traffic climate and driver behaviors: explicit and implicit measures with Turkish and Chinese samples

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2018
Üzümcüoğlu Zihni, Yeşim
Traffic fatality rates and driver behaviors show regional differences. It is assumed that perceived traffic climate in a given context are closely related to driver behaviors. The first part of the present study aims to test this assumption crossculturally. Specifically, in this part, the aim was to investigate the relationships between traffic climate and driver behaviors in Turkey and China. The results revealed that this assumption was supported partially. Perceiving traffic climate as externally emanding was positively related with aberrant driver behaviors and negatively related with positive driver behaviors in both Turkey and China. Functionality was negatively related to violations in Turkey and internal requirements were negatively related to violations in China. The relationships between traffic climate and driving behaviors show some cultural differences in addition to cultural similarities. In the second part of the study, both implicit and explicit attitudes towards traffic climate and their relationships with self-reported driver behaviors and outcomes of simulated driving were investigated in a young Turkish driver sample. Implicit attitudes towards traffic climate were tested for the first time in the literature. According to the results, implicit attitudes towards functionality was positively related to positive driver behaviors and negatively related to variance in lane positioning. Based on the findings, drivers might have different implicit and explicit attitudes towards traffic climate. The differences in experience level between the samples may be the reason why study 2 did not replicate the results of study 1.

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Citation Formats
Y. Üzümcüoğlu Zihni, “The Relationship between traffic climate and driver behaviors: explicit and implicit measures with Turkish and Chinese samples,” Ph.D. - Doctoral Program, Middle East Technical University, 2018.