The Moderating role of gender role attitudes on the relationship between self-compassion and body dissatisfaction

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2019
Hurşidi, Sara
The present study aims to understand the moderating role of gender role attitudes on the relationship between self-compassion and body dissatisfaction. Past studies have demonstrated that compared to men, women are less satisfied with their bodies. They feel discomfort as they move away from their thin ideal. On the one hand, self-compassion is expected to have a buffering effect on body dissatisfaction through its three facets: self-kindness, common humanity, and mindfulness. On the other hand, considering that stereotypical gender roles increase body dissatisfaction because these roles dictate what men and women should look, they are also expected to predict body dissatisfaction. Thus, it was expected that women are more self-compassionate but less satisfied with their bodies, yet men are expected to have more stereotypical gender role attitudes. Specifically, it was hypothesized that the relationship between self-compassion and body dissatisfaction would be moderated by the effect of gender role attitudes on body dissatisfaction. Participants (N = 385 participants, 156 men and 229 women) participated in the study and completed the measures of body dissatisfaction, self-compassion, gender role attitudes. Results revealed that there was no gender difference on self-compassion and body dissatisfaction. As expected, men showed greater stereotypical gender role attitudes compared to women. However, results showed that the moderating role of gender role attitudes on the relationship between self-compassion and body dissatisfaction was not significant. Implications of the findings were discussed. Further studies should examine culture-specific gender roles on the specific aspects of body dissatisfaction.
Citation Formats
S. Hurşidi, “The Moderating role of gender role attitudes on the relationship between self-compassion and body dissatisfaction,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2019.