Biotechnological Developments in Turkey

Turkey is a country not usually associated with industrial biotechnology. However, when current research potential in universities and other R & D centers and particularly contributions made to the international literature since the mid-1980s are taken into account, high-quality international-level work is now commonplace, especially in areas such as industrial microbiology, enzyme technology, biomaterials and biological wastewater treatment. Work in plant biotechnology is at a relatively early stage, but is expected to become a rapidly developing force in the near future. The present article documents current potential in Turkey, based on significant publications produced during the last 8 years.
Critical Reviews in Biotechnology


A segment-based approach to classify agricultural lands using multi-temporal kompsat-2 and envisat asar data
Özdarıcı Ok, Aslı; Akyürek, Sevda Zuhal; Department of Geodetic and Geographical Information Technologies (2012)
Agriculture has an important role in Turkey; hence automated approaches are crucial to maintain sustainability of agricultural activities. The objective of this research is to classify eight crop types cultivated in Karacabey Plain located in the north-west of Turkey using multi-temporal Kompsat-2 and Envisat ASAR satellite data. To fulfill this objective, first, the fused Kompsat-2 images were segmented separately to define homogenous agricultural patches. The segmentation results were evaluated using mult...
Community Use of Antibiotics in Turkey: The Role of Knowledge, Beliefs, Attitudes, and Health Anxiety
Gaygısız, Ümmügülsüm; Lajunen, Timo; Gaygısız Lajunen, Esma (2021-10-01)
Turkey has been among the leading countries in antibiotic consumption. As a result of the 4-year National Action Plan for Rational Drug Use, antibiotic prescriptions had declined from 34.9% in 2011 to 24.6% in 2018. However, self-medication with antibiotics without prescription is common, which is not reflected in official statistics. The present study aims at investigating antibiotic use in the community and the factors related to it. A web-based survey was conducted among 945 Turkish-speaking respondents ...
Türkiye'deki Jeotermal Bölge Isıtma Sistemlerinin Gelişimi
Parlaktuna, Mahmut; Parlaktuna, Burak (2021-07-06)
Turkey is one of the few countries that has almost all possible applications of geothermal energy. Geothermal district heating has a relatively short history (since 1987) compared to other direct utilization but plays important economic, social and environmental roles in some towns. There are 18 geothermal district heating systems (GDHS), mainly in the Aegean region with resource temperatures between 57–145C. Current heating capacities of those systems are in the range of 570 to 37500 Residence Equivalent ...
Craft culture as the source of inspiration for industrial design in Turkey
Demircan, Değer; Asatekin, Mehmet; Department of Industrial Design (2005)
It is widely known that Turkey has a great amount of data of traditions and cultures on its broad land. By the effects of different dynamics in the 20th century, many craftsmanship and mastery as parts of traditional culture have been transforming day by day. Throughout that transformation period, some traditional craft products could find alternative methods to survive although some others did not. Craft products have been searched by social anthropology since they are members of material culture of humank...
Problems caused by coastal law and decision making mechanism in small coastal settlements: case study Muğla-Bozburun
Almaç, Özgür; Barlas, Mehmet Adnan; Urban Design in City and Regional Planning Department (2005)
In Turkey, there is not a comprehensive (integrated) coastal policy. In addition, there are many different policies and legal regulations describing the implementation processes of these policies and institutional structures emerged as the consequences of these regulations concerning the coastal areas. Although there is a coastal law specified for the coasts, the applicability of the rules determining the utilization principles of the coast and shore strip described with this law administratively has always...
Citation Formats
G. Özcengiz, “Biotechnological Developments in Turkey,” Critical Reviews in Biotechnology, pp. 53–94, 1996, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: