Biotechnological Developments in Turkey

Turkey is a country not usually associated with industrial biotechnology. However, when current research potential in universities and other R & D centers and particularly contributions made to the international literature since the mid-1980s are taken into account, high-quality international-level work is now commonplace, especially in areas such as industrial microbiology, enzyme technology, biomaterials and biological wastewater treatment. Work in plant biotechnology is at a relatively early stage, but is expected to become a rapidly developing force in the near future. The present article documents current potential in Turkey, based on significant publications produced during the last 8 years.
Critical Reviews in Biotechnology


A segment-based approach to classify agricultural lands using multi-temporal kompsat-2 and envisat asar data
Özdarıcı Ok, Aslı; Akyürek, Sevda Zuhal; Department of Geodetic and Geographical Information Technologies (2012)
Agriculture has an important role in Turkey; hence automated approaches are crucial to maintain sustainability of agricultural activities. The objective of this research is to classify eight crop types cultivated in Karacabey Plain located in the north-west of Turkey using multi-temporal Kompsat-2 and Envisat ASAR satellite data. To fulfill this objective, first, the fused Kompsat-2 images were segmented separately to define homogenous agricultural patches. The segmentation results were evaluated using mult...
Türkiye'deki Jeotermal Bölge Isıtma Sistemlerinin Gelişimi
Parlaktuna, Mahmut; Parlaktuna, Burak (2021-07-06)
Turkey is one of the few countries that has almost all possible applications of geothermal energy. Geothermal district heating has a relatively short history (since 1987) compared to other direct utilization but plays important economic, social and environmental roles in some towns. There are 18 geothermal district heating systems (GDHS), mainly in the Aegean region with resource temperatures between 57–145C. Current heating capacities of those systems are in the range of 570 to 37500 Residence Equivalent ...
Spatial variations of active stress patterns and frequencymagnitude distribution of earthquakes in Western Anatolia, Turkey
Shah, S Tanvir; Özacar, Atilla Arda (null; 2018-04-23)
Western Anatolia is one of the most important tectonic elements of Turkey, and constitutes the eastern margin of Aegean Extensional Province. The area is one of the most seismically active continental margins around the globe experiencing N-S extension. Earthquake data in this study is used to analyze the active stress patterns and to estimate the earthquake return periods for different sub-regions in western Anatolia. Focal mechanism solution data is used for determining the orientations and ratios of prin...
Problems caused by coastal law and decision making mechanism in small coastal settlements: case study Muğla-Bozburun
Almaç, Özgür; Barlas, Mehmet Adnan; Urban Design in City and Regional Planning Department (2005)
In Turkey, there is not a comprehensive (integrated) coastal policy. In addition, there are many different policies and legal regulations describing the implementation processes of these policies and institutional structures emerged as the consequences of these regulations concerning the coastal areas. Although there is a coastal law specified for the coasts, the applicability of the rules determining the utilization principles of the coast and shore strip described with this law administratively has always...
Regime Change in Contemporary Turkey: Politics, Rights, Mimesis
Polat, Necati (Edinburgh University Press , 2016-08-01)
Turkey has undergone a series of upheavals in its political regime from the mid-19th century. This book details the most recent change, locating it in its broader historical setting. Beginning with the Justice and Development Party’s rule from late 2002, supported by a broad informal coalition that included liberals, the book shows how the former Islamists gradually acquired full power between 2007 and 2011. It then describes the subsequent phase, looking at politics and rights under the amorphous new order.
Citation Formats
G. Özcengiz, “Biotechnological Developments in Turkey,” Critical Reviews in Biotechnology, pp. 53–94, 1996, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: