Brain drain from Turkey: an investigation of students' return intentions

Tansel, Aysıt
The emigration of skilled individuals from Turkey attracted greater media attention and the interest of policymakers in Turkey, particularly after the experience of recurrent economic crises that have led to an increase in unemployment among the highly educated young. This study estimates a model of return intentions using a data set compiled from an Internet survey of Turkish students residing abroad. The findings of this study indicate that, as expected, higher salaries offered in the host country and lifestyle preferences, including a more organized environment in the host country, increase the probability of student nonreturn. However, the analysis also points to the importance of prior return intentions and the role of the family in the decision to return to Turkey or stay overseas. It is also found that the compulsory service requirement attached to government scholarships increases the probability of student return. Turkish student association membership also increases return intentions. Longer stay durations, on the other hand, decrease the probability of return. These findings have important policy implications.


Brain drain from Turkey: the case of professionals abroad
Guengoer, Nil Demet; Tansel, Aysıt (2008-01-01)
Purpose - The paper aims to present research findings on the return intentions of Turkish professionals residing abroad, where the targeted group comprises individuals working at a full-time job abroad who possess at least a tertiary level degree.
Brain Drain from Turkey: Return Intentions of Skilled Migrants
GÜNGÖR, NİL DEMET; Tansel, Aysıt (2014-10-01)
The study estimates an empirical model of return intentions using a dataset compiled from an internet survey of Turkish professionals residing abroad. In the migration literature, wage differentials are often cited as an important factor explaining skilled migration. The findings of our study suggest, however, that non-pecuniary factors, such as the importance of family and social considerations, are also influential in the return or non-return decision of the highly educated. In addition, economic instabil...
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In this study we analyze the labor market experiences of Turkish immigrants in Northern Cyprus. Northern Cyprus presents a unique example for Turkish migrants, as many traditional obstacles (language barrier, cultural and ethnic differences and non-transferability of human capital) for immigrant laborers are not applicable since Turkish immigrants have ethnic and cultural similarities to native citizens and Turkey is considered the motherland of Northern Cyprus. Nonetheless, significant differences between ...
Evren, Irmak; Saktanber, Ayşe Nur; Department of Sociology (2023-3-31)
Turkish migration to Germany that started in the early 1960s was essentially a response to a call concerning demand for labour on a temporary basis. By the time economic crisis hit and followed by a further recruitment ban,an act in 1983 was officially introduced as a return incentive to mainly unemployed migrants in Germany. Since the myth of return eventually turns into a reality, Turkish migrant workers return rather than being a rupture in the migratory cycle, becomes a continuation of migration, endowe...
Return migration to Turkey: identity problem and changes in the concept of nation
Kayıhan, Bahar; Yalvaç, Faruk; Department of International Relations (2011)
This study examines the changing concept of nation and the identity problem for the workers that turned back to Turkey. Starting from 1960s, lots of workers migrated to European countries as a solution to the problem of unemployment in Turkey. The migrants brought their families with them and got accustomed to living abroad. However statistics prove that a group of migrants returned back to Turkey. Eventually, an identity problem emerged for the returned migrants and they experienced a confusion and ambigui...
Citation Formats
N. D. GÜNGÖR and A. Tansel, “Brain drain from Turkey: an investigation of students’ return intentions,” APPLIED ECONOMICS, pp. 3069–3087, 2008, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: