Reducibility of nickeliferous limonitic laterite ore from Central Anatolia

Pournaderi, S.
Geveci, Ahmet
Topkaya, Yavuz Ali
Limonitic nickel laterite from Sivrihisar reserve in Turkey was reduced at 700-1100 degrees C by the addition of 5.74, 8.61 and 11.48 wt-% coal under an argon atmosphere. The run-of-mine ore and the reduced samples were studied using X-ray diffraction. The metallisation of Fe was found to be limited up to 900 degrees C, but increased rapidly at higher temperatures. The metallisation of Ni and Co increased when the temperature was increased from 700 to 800 degrees C, almost levelled off up to 900 degrees C and then increased up to 1100 degrees C. The results also showed that increased coal additions did not affect Fe metallisation up to 900 degrees C. At 1000 degrees C the metallisation of Fe became slightly better, but its effect was more pronounced at 1100 degrees C. The increased coal addition affected the nickel reduction equally at all temperatures, while it had no effect on the metallisation of Co.


Investigation of co-combustion characteristics of low quality lignite coals and biomass with thermogravimetric analysis
Varol, Murat; Atımtay, Aysel; Bay, B.; Olgun, H. (2010-10-20)
In this study, combustion and co-combustion characteristics of three biomass fuels and three Turkish lignite coals were investigated by using a thermo gravimetric analyzer. There are just a few studies investigating the co-combustion characteristics of coal and biomass, and the synergistic effect of their various combinations on the peak temperatures and burnout times.
Modelling of ECBM recovery from Amasra Coalbed in Zonguldak Basin, Turkey
Sınayuç, Çağlar (2018-01-01)
Bartin-Amasra coal field was found convenient for enhanced coalbed methane (ECBM) recovery among the other fields in Zonguldak Coal Basin, Turkey. The lithologic information were examined and the depths of the coal seams and the locations of the wells were visualized to perform a reliable correlation between 63 coal layers existed in the area. The initial methane in place found in the coal layers both in free and adsorbed states were estimated using probabilistic simulations resulted in possible reserve (P1...
Determination of the personal, indoor and outdoor exposure levels of inorganic gaseous pollutants in different microenvironments in an industrial city
We measured SO2, NO2 and O-3 concentrations during the summer and winter in Kocaeli, Turkey. The sampling was carried out indoors and outdoors at homes, schools and offices. Personal samplers were also used to determine personal exposures to these pollutants. High NO2 and SO2 concentrations were observed in outdoor samples collected close to locations characterized by heavy urban traffic. Concentrations of O-3, on the other hand, were higher in rural areas around the city due to ozone distillation. For both...
Investigation of Turkey's carbon dioxide problem by numerical modeling
Can, Ali; Tokdemir, Turgut; Department of Engineering Sciences (2006)
CO2 emission is very important, because it is responsible for about 60% of the "Greenhouse Effect". The major objectives of this study were to prepare a CO2 emission inventory of Turkey based on districts and provinces by using the fuel consumption data with respect to its sources, to find the CO2 uptake rate of forests in Turkey based on provinces and districts, and to estimate the ground level concentration of CO2 across Turkey using U.S. EPA's ISCLT3 model for the preparation of ground level concentratio...
Characterization of Kızılcahamam Geothermal field by tracer testing
Kaya, Tevfik; Akın, Serhat; Department of Petroleum and Natural Gas Engineering (2005)
Kızılcahamam Geothermal Field which is 70 km far from Ankara, has been utilized for Geothermal District Heating System, 25 MWt, 2500 residences capacity, greenhouses heating, thermal facilities since 1994. The average production rate is 350m3/h during the heating season , 150m3/h during the summer season for hot water and yearly average reinjection rate is 114m3/h from the field. The long term projections has been studied concerning on expected pressure decline by matching 10 years field history data which ...
Citation Formats
S. Pournaderi, E. KESKİNKILIÇ, A. Geveci, and Y. A. Topkaya, “Reducibility of nickeliferous limonitic laterite ore from Central Anatolia,” CANADIAN METALLURGICAL QUARTERLY, pp. 26–37, 2014, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: