Construction and in vitro testing of a multilayered, tissue-engineered meniscus

Bahcecioglu, Gokhan
Buyuksungur, Arda
Kızıltay, Aysel
Hasırcı, Nesrin
Hasırcı, Vasıf Nejat
A novel three-dimensional construct was designed to serve as a substitute for the natural meniscus tissue, and tested in vitro. The design consisted of mats of aligned collagen micro/nanofibers, entrapped within a macroporous poly(l-lactic acid)/poly(lactic acid-co-glycolic acid) foam coated with Ca+2-cross-linked alginic acid. Fibrochondrocytes derived from human meniscus were tested in vitro to study cell attachment and proliferation. After a 21-day culture, the cells populating the constructs were shown to produce extracellular matrix components specific for fibrocartilages, such as collagen Types I and II and aggrecan. Coating the foam with alginate increased the compressive modulus of the collagen-containing constructs (from 320 to 381 kPa, after 21 days of incubation with fibrochondrocytes) but decreased cell attachment and proliferation, as well as aggrecan production. Collagen fibers substantially increased the tensile modulus of the cell-seeded constructs (from 0.98 to 1.71 MPa for uncoated and from 0.67 to 1.32 MPa for coated samples). All constructs produced extracellular matrix components specific for fibrocartilages. These findings indicate that these constructs have potential for use as meniscus substitutes.


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In this study, it was aimed to fabricate tissue scaffolds from different biological polymers (collagen, silk fibroin and sericin) for skin tissue engineering applications. For this purpose, bilayered scaffolds composed of epidermal (collagen/sericin films) and dermal (collagen sponges, collagen matrices or silk fibroin matrices) layers were produced with different biomaterial fabrication methods. Casting and solvent evaporation (film), lyophilization/freeze-drying (sponge) and dry/wet electro-spinning (micr...
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Microfibrous scaffolds from poly(L-lactide-co-epsilon-caprolactone) blended with xeno-free collagen/hyaluronic acid for improvement of vascularization in tissue engineering applications
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Success of 3D tissue substitutes in clinical applications depends on the presence of vascular networks in their structure. Accordingly, research in tissue engineering is focused on the stimulation of angiogenesis or generation of a vascular network in the scaffolds prior to implantation. A novel, xeno-free, collagen/hyaluronic acid-based poly(L-lactide-co-epsilon-caprolactone) (PLC/COL/HA) (20/9.5/0.5 w/w/w) microfibrous scaffold was produced by electrospinning. Collagen types I and III, and hyaluronic acid...
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In this study, it was aimed to produce sericine/collagen composite membranes and to investigate their properties as a wound dressing. Different membrane compositions were prepared by casting and solvent evaporation method. After initial studies for optimization of ratios, membrane groups at two different thicknesses were prepared for each selected ratio and cross-linked with 3 % (w/v) glutaraldehyde (GTA). Considering the wound dressing requirements, equilibrium degree of swelling (EDS), water vapor transmi...
Citation Formats
G. Bahcecioglu, A. Buyuksungur, A. Kızıltay, N. Hasırcı, and V. N. Hasırcı, “Construction and in vitro testing of a multilayered, tissue-engineered meniscus,” JOURNAL OF BIOACTIVE AND COMPATIBLE POLYMERS, pp. 235–253, 2014, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: