Turkey's Approaches on Cyber Security Policy Framework

Advanced and sophisticated cyber-attacks pose a serious risk to economic and national security. The solutions for cyber security problems necessitate initiatives from all legal, institutional, scientific and technical domains, and the cooperation of governments, universities, industry and civil societies. The global nature of the problem also puts a special emphasis on international cooperation. Therefore, countries need to develop strategies on both national and international scales in a holistic approach. Today, most strategies developed by countries share the holistic, integrated, comprehensive approach supported by strong leadership, enhanced governmental co-ordination at policy and operational levels, reinforced public-private co-operation, and improved international cooperation. Cyber security strategies generally include action plans. Since Turkey has a critical and important geopolitical position due to its location in the Middle East; cyber security has an immanent importance to our country. Studies in this scope resulted in the June 2013 National Cyber Security Strategy document and 2013-2014 Action Plan. In this strategy document, cyber security risks and measures, 7 major topics, 29 key actions and 30 governmental organizations responsible of these actions are identified. In the 2013-2014 Action Plan, 29 actions in the scope of the major topics, sub-actions and organizations responsible of these actions are identified. According to these documents, cyber security activities in Turkey include government, Turkish Armed Forces, universities, industry and non-governmental organizations (NGOs). Studies for legal regulations are also in progress. There have been various laws, draft laws, and regulations in cyber security. Cyber Security activities require national cooperation of governmental organizations, universities, industry and non-governmental organizations. In this paper, we will first briefly present the general headlines and commonalities of national strategies of various countries. Then we will chronologically summarize the cyber security studies in Turkey, and focus on the National Cyber Security Strategy and Action Plan, stakeholders and their studies, legal regulations, awareness and educational studies, and national and international collaborations. Lastly, we will further elucidate a brief evaluation of cyber security studies in Turkey.


Energy security and Central Asian geopolitics
Gündüç, Yıldırım; Kuşçu Bonnenfant, Işık; Department of Eurasian Studies (2012)
Energy security has become an important part of national security policies in the last decades. Policies concerning energy security are designed and implemented in different ways by countries based on their geographical, political and economic imperatives. This thesis analyzes the securitization of energy resources in Central Asia and the roles of the US, China, India and Russia as major actors of the Central Asian energy politics in the post-Soviet period. The conditions shaping Central Asian countries dec...
Automatic detection of cyber security events from Turkish twitter stream and Turkish newspaper data
Ural, Özgür; Acartürk, Cengiz; Department of Cyber Security (2019)
Cybersecurity experts scan the internet and face security events that influence users, institutions, and governments. An information security analyst regularly examines sources to stay up to date on security events in her/his domain of expertise. This may lead to a heavy workload for the information analysts if they do not have proper tools for security event investigation. For example, an information analyst may want to stay aware of cybersecurity events, such as a DDoS (Distributed Denial of Service) atta...
A Comparative study of Turkey’s energy security policies towards Kazakhstan and Iraq
Yavuz, Halil Buğra; Tanrısever, Oktay Fırat; Department of Eurasian Studies (2018)
Energy security has started to take an important place in national security strategies of all countries. Energy security policies of countries take different characteristics for the energy importing and exporting countries. Therefore, countries formulate and implement their energy security policies according to their political, economic and geographical conditions. This thesis seeks to explore the energy security policies of Turkey towards Kazakhstan and Iraq in order to identify the similarities and differ...
Turkey’s defense policy making process and its effects on weapons procurement
Oğuz, Musatafa; Bağcı, Hüseyin; Department of International Relations (2009)
This thesis explains Defense Policy Making process and its effects on weapons procurement in Turkey. Main focus will be on the institutions which shape, to various degrees, Turkey’s defense policy and weapons procurement decisions. Thesis analyzes institutions like the National Defense Ministry, Council of Ministers, General Staff, Parliament and the Undersecretariat for Defense Industries, and places them in a historical context. Following a historical background, functions and authorities of these institu...
Turkey’s responses in the face of the formation of European security and defense policy
Yüksel, Engin; Türkeş, Mustafa; Department of International Relations (2007)
The study examines Turkey’s responses in the face of the formation of European Security and Defense Policy (ESDP). The political responses over ESDP have two dimensions. From the viewpoint of Turkey, at the beginning she intended to participate in the process of decision making structure of the ESDP. Therefore, it can be concluded that Turkey is not against the formation of the ESDP. However, as a non-EU European NATO member, Turkey’s integration into European security and defense was welcomed but she was e...
Citation Formats
N. Baykal, “Turkey’s Approaches on Cyber Security Policy Framework,” 2013, vol. 38, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: https://hdl.handle.net/11511/30877.