Predictors of pre- and postoperative anxiety in emergency surgery patients

Objective: Emergency surgery is a highly stressful life event. Patients experience distressing anxiety both before and after surgery and this anxiety affects their recovery process. The aim of the present study is to examine variables related to pre- and postoperative anxiety in emergency surgery patients. Methods: The sample consisted of 146 emergency surgery patients who had abdominal surgery in an emergency surgery clinic. The research instruments were administered before and after the surgery. State Anxiety Inventory (STAI-A State), Anxiety Specific to Surgery Questionnaire (ASSQ), a scale tapping fears and worries specific to surgery developed for the present study, Ways of Coping Inventory (WCI), and the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS) were administered. Data analysis: Data were analyzed by using the appropriate programs of the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS). Results: There was a significant drop in anxiety from the pre- to the postoperative period. Female patients had higher preoperation anxiety than males. Females and males did not differ in anxiety at the postoperation period. Being female, waiting for primary suture for peptic ulcer perforation operation, and helplessness and self-blaming coping appeared as significant predictors of anxiety specific to surgery. Being female and awaiting for primary suture for peptic ulcer perforation were significant predictors of preoperative state anxiety. Finally, years of education were negatively and use of active coping was positively related to postoperative state anxiety. Conclusion: Patient sociodemographic and psychological characteristics and type of surgery need to be considered for identifying patients at risk of experiencing anxiety both before and after surgery and psychological support and clinical management needs to be tailored to the needs of the patients to alleviate their anxiety.


The effect of psychological preparation on preoperative and postoperative anxiety, and coping strategies in children and adolescents undergoing
Ercan, Selma; Öner Özkan, Bengi; Department of Psychology (2003)
The main purpose of the present study to examine the relationship between psychological preparation, attitudes toward hospital and health professionals, social support, ways of coping and sociodemographic variables with preoperative anxiety, post-intervention anxiety and post-operation anxiety in children anticipating an operation in child surgery clinic. In addition, the relationship between the anxiety level of child and anxiety level of mother was examined. The sample consisted of sixty children and thei...
Predicting the Outcome of Limb Revascularization in Patients With Lower-extremity Arterial Trauma: Development and External Validation of a Supervised Machine-learning Algorithm to Support Surgical Decisions.
Perkins, Zane B.; Yet, Barbaros; Sharrock, Anna; Rickard, Rory; Marsh, William; Rasmussen, Todd E.; Tai, Nigel R M (Ovid Technologies (Wolters Kluwer Health), 2020-10-01)
Objectives: Estimating the likely success of limb revascularization in patients with lower-extremity arterial trauma is central to decisions between attempting limb salvage and amputation. However, the projected outcome is often unclear at the time these decisions need to be made, making them difficult and threatening sound judgement. The objective of this study was to develop and validate a prediction model that can quantify an individual patient's risk of failed revascularization. Methods: A BN progno...
Correlates of anxiety and depression in Turkish complete denture patients
Dirik, Gulay; Kilicarslan, Mehmet Ali; Gençöz, Tülin; Karanci, Nuray (2006-01-01)
Denture wearing is a stressful life event which can cause Anxiety and depression. Patients' adaptation to dentures may be hindered by their emotional reactions. The present study examined the variables related to anxiety and depression symptoms among 158 adult complete dental prosthesis patients. The results showed that the participants had mild to moderate depression and moderate state anxiety symptoms. The results of the regression analyses showed that treatment duration, perceived burden due to teeth los...
Meta-analysis of prognostic factors for amputation following surgical repair of lower extremity vascular trauma
Perkins, Z. B.; Yet, Barbaros; Glasgow, S.; Cole, E.; Marsh, W.; Brohi, K.; Rasmussen, T. E.; Tai, N. R. M. (Wiley, 2015-04-01)
Background: Lower extremity vascular trauma (LEVT) is a major cause of amputation. A clear understanding of prognostic factors for amputation is important to inform surgical decision-making, patient counselling and risk stratification. The aim was to develop an understanding of prognostic factors for amputation following surgical repair of LEVT.
A deep learning approach to surface reconstruction for surgical navigation during laparoscopic, endoscopic or robotic surgery
Zabardast, Ami; Mumcuoğlu, Ünal Erkan; Department of Medical Informatics (2019)
Minimally invasive surgical procedures utilize technology to provide surgeons with more functionality as well as a better perspective to help them succeed in their tasks and reduce operations risks. Surgeons usually rely on screens and cameras during minimally invasive surgeries such as Laparoscopic, Endoscopic, or Robotic Surgeries. Currently, operating rooms use information from different modalities such as Computer-Aided Tomography and Magnetic Resonance Imaging. However, the information is not integrate...
Citation Formats
A. N. Karancı, “Predictors of pre- and postoperative anxiety in emergency surgery patients,” JOURNAL OF PSYCHOSOMATIC RESEARCH, pp. 363–369, 2003, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: